Lesson 9
Phan B:  Chu Thch  (Notes on Patterns)

B 1
When it is clear from context or the time phrase whether the time stated is past or not, the time phrase may come before or after the rest of the sentence:

Toi phai i ngan hang bay gi.
I have to go to the bank now.
Toi phai en anh Nam toi nay.
I have to go to Nam's tonight.
Sometimes when present or future time is spoken at the end of the sentence, there is some emphasis on the time.

B 2
Note that these two charts have two-verb sentences, the first verb stating a mode.

Person

co

Mode

Activity

or Not?

Ch
"
"
"
"

 

co
"
"
"
"
phai
muon
can
thch
nh

 

  i benh vien
mua bao
mn mot ban o thanh pho
an nem Saigon
thue mot chiec xe may
khong?
"
"
"
"

Person

Mode

  Activity

Complement

Toi
"
"
"
"

 

phai
muon
can
thch
nh

 

i benh vien Mai Hoa
mua mot t bao.
mn mot ban o a Lat.
an nem Saigon
thue mot chiec xe may

 

bay gi.


hieu Que Viet.
toi mai.
T vng Vocabulary
t Classifier for sheets of paper, newspapers
mn to borrow
ban o map
thch to like to
nem rang/nem Saigon (No.) Southern cha gio
nh to intend to
xe (gan) may motorbike

B 3
These are two-verb sentences of a different sort.  The second verb follows a complete sentence and states the purpose of the action expressed in that sentence.  The use of 'in order to' is optional.
Hear the Whole Drill
Person

to

  Place

  to

   Do what

Anh
"
"
"
"
i
"
"
"
"
bu ien
th vien
ch
pho
Ha-oai

 

(e)
"
"
"
"
lam g?
"
"
"
"

Person

Go

  Place

to

Activity

Toi
"
"
"
"

 

i
"
"
"
"

 

bu ien
th vien
ch
pho
Ha-oai

 

(e)
"
"
"
"
gi th.
nghien cu.
mua o an.
mua (t) o.
chi thoi.
T vng Vocabulary
gi (No.), gi (So.) to send
th (No.), th (So.) letter
o an food
mua t o to buy a few things
Ha-oai Hawaii

B 4
Hear the Whole Drill 

Person

  Activity

  When

Question Word

Anh
Ch
Cac ong
Cac anh

 

i pho
ve nha khach
an cm
gap anh Vinh
bay gi
chieu nay
roi
roi
ha?
a?
a?
phai khong?

 

Affirmative answers :
Da vang.
Vang (a).
.
T vng Vocabulary
....a? (A little more polite than...a?)
....a. Yes, I'm hearing you.  (Polite)
  Yes, yeah (I hear you).  (Familiar)

B 5
Note:

We cannot say (i) en nha anh ay bang boi bo is a single expression for 'walk, go by foot' so is said only in order shown in the second group and without bang.  So the above statement should be said as i bo en nha anh ay.
   Person

Go

Action

Place

by What means

Anh
"
"
"
"
"
(i)
"
"
"
"
"

 

lai
en
ve
sang
qua
ti

 

th vien
trng
Hue
Uc
My
Ma-lai
bang g?
"
"
"
"
"

Person

Go

Action

Place

by

Means
Toi
"
"
"
"
"

 

(i)
"
"
"
"
"
lai
en
ve
sang
qua
ti

 

th vien
trng
Hue
Uc
My
Ma-Lai
bang
"
"
"
"
"
xe ap.
xe buyt.
xe o.
tau thuy.
may bay.
thuyen.

Person

Go

by

  Means

Action

Place

Co
______

Toi
"
"
"
"
"

 

i
______

i
"
"
"
"
"

bang
______


bang
"
"
"
"

g
______

i bo
xe buyt
xe o
tau thuy
may bay
thuyen

en
______

en
en
ve
sang
qua
ti

nha anh ay?
__________

nha anh ay.
trng.
Hue.
Uc.
My.
Ma-lai

T vng Vocabulary
sang to go across to
qua to go across to
ti to arrive at, reach
Ma-lai Malaysia
xe o interurban bus/coach
tau thuy ship, steamer
may machine
may bay airplane
thuyen boat, junk, sampan
xe (o-to) buyt bus, city bus

B 6
Hear the Whole Drill

Sentence

Therefore

Sentence

nha khong co bao
Toi muon mua o an
Toi can mn sach
Toi thch an cha gio
Toi khong co xe hi
Toi khong thch lanh

 

nen
"
"
"
"
"

em phai i th vien oc.
toi i ch bay gi.
toi phai i th vien.
toi i tiem an Viet nam.
toi phai i xe la.
toi ghet mua ong.

 

T vng Vocabulary
xe la train
ghet to hate
mua season
mua ong winter season
mua xuan spring season
mua he/mua ha summer season
mua thu autumn season
mua ma rainy season

B 7
Questions:

Person

Is it that

Know

  Question

or not?

Ch
"
"
"
"
"
co
"
"
"
"
"
biet
"
"
"
"
"
nha khach au
con gai ch muon hoc g
anh Lam lam g
ba Mary la ngi nc nao
bao gi ch Anna ve nha khach
ai thch i xem phim Indochine

 

khong?

Affirmative answers:

Yes

  Answer

Co/Biet.
"
"

 

  Nha khach gan trng Luat.
Chau muon hoc lam bac s.
Ba ay la ngi Canada.
Negative answers:

No

Answer

Khong (biet).
"
"
  Toi khong biet anh ay lam g?
Toi khong biet bao gi ch ay ve.
Toi khong biet ai thch i.

 

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