Lesson 7
Phan B - Chu thch  (Notes on Patterns)

B 1- Adjectives used as Adverbs
This chart demonstrates how to question the quality of an activity (The adverb
rat is not used in questions with khong).
Hear the Whole Drill

Person

Activity

Adjective

Anh Minh
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
hoc
chi
thi
an
day
hat
i
ngu

 

(co) gioi (lam)
vui
kha
ngon
tre
hay
lau
ngon
khong?
"
"
"
"
"
"
"

 

Person Activity Very Adjective Very
Anh ay
"
______

Anh ay
"

 

an
an
______

thi
an

 

rat

______

khong
khong

 

 ngon
ngon.
______

kha
ngon

 

lam.

______

(lam).
(lam)

 

T  vng Vocabulary
thi to take an exam
kha to be fair, somewhat good
ngon to be tasty; to sleep soundly
day to rise, to get up
hat to sing
hay to be interesting, good
i to wait (for)
lau to be long time
ngu to sleep

B 2
Person Activity Have Adjective or Not
Ch ay
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
noi tieng Viet
en nha ban chi
i chi nui
i pho mua o
i an hieu
an cha gio
hat bai Khong
i toi
(co) gioi
vui
lanh
re
at
ngon
hay
lau
khong?
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
Person Activity Adjective
Ch ay
"
"
______

Ch ay
"
"
noi tieng Viet
en nha ban chi
i anh
______

noi tieng Viet
en nha ban chi
i anh




______

rat
rat
rat

gioi
vui
lau
______

gioi.
vui.
lau.
lam.
lam.
lam.
Person Activity Not Adjective Very
Ch ay
"
"
noi tieng Viet
hat bai Khong
i anh

 

khong gioi
hay
lau
(lam).
"
"
T  vng Vocabulary
nui mountain(s)
pho  downtown, city center
mua to buy
o things
i mua o to go shopping
re to be inexpensive
i an hieu to go eat at a restaurant
at (No.), mac (So.) to be expensive
cha gio Vietnamese spring rolls
bai (hat) song, music piece

B 3
Hear the Whole Drill
Person Is doing / Will do

Activity

Toi
Co ay
"
"
"
"
"
ang
se
"
"
"
"
"

lam.
hoc.
oc.
viet.
hat.
ngu.
ghi ten hoc.


B 4
Hear the Whole Drill
Thing/person (somewhat) / a little

Adjective

Bai Nam
Bai Khong
Phat am
Nui Tuyet
Phim o
Ch ay
Anh ay
Hieu o
(cung) hi
"
"
"
"
"
"
"

kho.
hay.
kho.
lanh.
buon.
buon.
met.
ngon.

 

T  vng Vocabulary
ghi to record, note
ghi ten (hoc) to enroll, register
phat am pronunciation
Nui Tuyet The Snowy Mountains (in SE Australia)

B 5
'Just' and 'not until'
Note that
mi 'just then, only then' is said right before the verb.   This is true whether you are talking about the past or the future.  When you want to say that something just happened or that you just did something,you say the time phrase at the end: 'He just came yesterday.'  Study the sentences in B 5.1.

When you want to say that something did not happen until yesterday or will not happen until tomorrow, say the time phrase at the beginning.  The sentence 'He didn't come  until yesterday' is said in Vietnamese as 'Yesterday  he only then came.'  The sentence 'He won't come until tomorrow is said as 'Tomorrow he only then will come.'

 

B 5.1
Person / place Just then Activity Time
Anh ay
Anh Thi
Co Chau
Ch ay
Cac ba ay
Ho
Chung toi
Minh
Thay Lan
Jo va Jane
Cac em ay
Ngan hang
Hieu o

 

(va) mi
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
en
i Can Th
i a Lat
i ch
ve Ha Noi
ve
an
lam
i day
i hoc
bat au hoc
m (ca)
ong (ca)
hom qua.
tuan trc
thang chn.
hoi sang.
nam ngoai.
nam ngoai.
luc sau gi.
hom th hai.
nam nay
thang nay.
luc 7 gi.
luc 9:30 sang.
luc 5:30 chieu.
English equivalents for B 5.1
He just came yesterday.
Thi just went to Canada last week.
Miss Chau just went to Dalat in September.
She just went to the market this morning.
Those ladies just returned to Hanoi last year.
They just returned last year.
We just ate at 6:00.
Minh just did it on Monday.
Teacher Lan just went to teach (began teaching this year).
Jo and Jane just went (started)to school this month.
Those children just began studying at 7:00.
The bank just opened (its doors) at 9:30 a.m.
That shop just closed (its doors) at 5:30 p.m.
B 5.2
Hear the Whole Drill
Time Person / Place Only then Activity
Hom qua
Sang mai
Thang chn
Hoi chieu
Nam ngoai
Nam 1999
Luc 6 gi chieu
Th hai tuan sau
Nam nay
Thang sau
Mi gi sang
Chn ri sang
Nam ri chieu

 

anh ay
anh Thi
co Chau
ch ay
cac ba ay
ho
chung toi
Minh
thay Lan
Jo va Jane
chung toi
ngan hang
hieu o
mi
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
en .
i Can Th.
i a Lat.
i ch.
ve Ha Noi.
ve.
an.
lam viec o.
i day.
i hoc.
bat au hoc.
m (ca).
ong (ca).
T  vng Vocabulary
ch market
hoi sang this morning
hoi chieu this afternoon (Past)
ngan hang bank
ca door
m to open
ong

 

to close

 

English equivalents for B 5.2
He didn't come until yesterday .( Yesterday he only then came.)
Thi won't go downtown until tomorrow morning.
Miss Chau didn't go to Dalat until September.(Miss Chau won't go to Dalat until September.)
She didn't go to the market until this afternoon.
Those ladies didn't return to Hanoi until last year.
They won't return until 1999.
We didn't eat until 6:00 in the evening. ( We won't eat until 6:00 in the evening.)
Minh won't do it until Monday next week.
Teacher Lan didn't start teaching until this year.( Teacher Lan won't start teaching until this year.)
Jo and Jane won't start /go to school until next month.
We didn't begin studying until 10:00 a.am. ( We won't begin studying until 10:00 a.m.)
The bank didn't open until 9:30 a.m. ( The bank won't open until 9:30 a.am.)
That shop didn't close until 5:30 p.m. (That shop won't close until 5:30 p.m.)

 

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