Lesson 4  
Phan B - Part B
Chu thch - Notes on Patterns and Grammar

B 1
Compare B1 and B2.  Note that, in both the ordinal numbers and the names of months, "four" is expressed as
t not bon.

Hear the Whole Drill

Day of the week
Day Is Rank Which / Number
Questions:
Hom nay
Hom qua
Ngay mai
(la)
"
"
Th
"
"
may?
"
"
Answers:
Hom nay
Ngay mai
Ngay kia
______

Hom qua

(la)
"
"
______

(la)

th
"
"
______

chu nhat.

hai.
ba.
t.
** mot/ ngay kia        =      the day after tomorrow

B 2  
Remember that:
Mi after other numbers becomes mi.
Mot after mi becomes mot.
Nam after mi/Mi becomes lam.
Zero between other numbers is expressed as linh or le.
Hear the Whole Drill

Day of the month

Day  Is Day Which / Number
Hom nay
Hom qua
Ngay mai
Th hai
Chu nhat

 

(la)
"
"
"
"
ngay
(ngay)
"
"
"
may?
mong may?
"
"
"

 

Day

Is Day Month Year
Hom nay
Th hai
Hom qua
Th bay

 

(la)
"
"
"
(ngay)
"
"
"
mong
"
mi
ba mi
tam
chn
bon
mot
thang ba
thang t
thang nam
"
nam 1995.
"
"
"

Months of the year

Vietnamese/lunar calender Western calender
thang gieng/mot the first month  January
thang hai second month February
thang ba third month March
thang t fourth month April
thang nam fifth month May
thang sau sixth month June
thang bay seventh month July
thang tam eighth month August
thang chn ninth month September
thang mi tenth month October
thang mi mot eleventh month November
thang mi hai twelfth month December
thang chap " "
dng lch the solar (Western) calender 
am lch the lunar calendar

B 3
Note that
nay, the regular word meaning 'this', is used with some time expressions but that nay is used with many others. (The expression ngay nay has a special meaning:' these days, nowadays', not 'this day'.) Remember, too, that words that qualify the time expression, that is,words that denote specific time- which day, which evening, which week - follow the time expression.  Remember that' first' is th nhat, not th mot.
Hear the Whole Drill
Time This
chu nhat
th hai
tuan
thang
nam
hom
sang
tra
chieu
toi
em

 

nay
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"

 

T vng Vocabulary
tra midday, noon
chieu afternoon
em

 

night

 

(Portion of Day) en
sang 2:00 am 10:00 am
tra 11:00am 2:00pm
chieu 3:00pm 6:00pm
toi 7:00p.m 9:00pm
em

 

10:00p.m

 

1:00p.m

 

Time Specific
(ngay)
sang
tra
chieu
toi
tuan
thang
"

 

mai
hom qua
"
"
"
trc
ti
sau

 

T  vng Vocabulary
ti the coming...., next...
sau the....after, behind
toi hom qua last night, yesterday evening

B 4
Hear the Whole Drill
Order of Times
Hour (gi) Portion of day Day (of week)
hom th may
Date
ngay may
tam gi
mot gi
bay gi
ba ri

 

sang
tra
toi
chieu
(hom) th nam
chu  nhat
mai
th t tuan ti
ngay 18...
mong 2...
Hour    Portion of hour
mot (gi)
hai gi
nam gi
sau gi
ri
hai mi
bon mi lam (5:45)
kem mi lam (5:45)

B 5
Hear the Whole Drill
Time period Person Action From Time To Time
Hom nay
Th  3 va th  5
Toi hom qua
Hom qua
"
"
"

 

toi 
ch Le
anh ay
em ay
"
"
"
th vien
hoc lch s
cau lac bo
lam bai nay
viet bai nay
hoc mon nay
oc bai nay
t
"
"
"
"
"
"
9 gi sang
10 gi ri
5 gi chieu
8 gi
"
buoi sang
"
en
"
"
"
"
"
"
3 gi chieu.
11 gi ri.
11 gi em.
10 gi sang.
"
buoi chieu.
"
T vng Vocabulary
viet to write
oc to read
buoi portion of day

B 6
Hear the Whole Drill
Person From/At/Go Place 1 Go Place 2
Toi
"
"
"
Toi
"
t

"
"
i
"
trng
th vien
Uc
Hai Phong
th vien
cau lac bo
ve
en
i
ve.
ve.
".
nha.
nha anh Hoa.
Viet Nam.

B 7
Hear the Whole Drill

Question:

Time Person Will Go Place

1. Bao gi
  Bao gi
  Bao gi

2. May gi
  May gi

3. Hom nao
  Ngay th may

 
anh
ong Khoa
ch

co Tuyet
ong

ba
ch ay


(se)
"
"

"
"

"
"


ve?
i
en

en
i

ve
i?

 

  Hai Phong.
Viet Nam?

nha toi?
cau lac bo?

Qui Nhn?

Answers:

1. Tra mai
  Chieu nay
  Thang sau

2. Bon gi chieu
  Khoang tam gi

3. Th bay nay
  Th t tuan sau

 

 

toi
ong ay
toi

co ay
toi

toi
ch ay

 

(se)
"
"

"
"

"
"

 

ve.
i
en

en
i

ve
i.

 


(Hai Phong).
(Viet Nam).

(nha ong).
(cau lac bo).

(Qui Nhn).

 

T vng Vocabulary
ngay th may which day
ang ( be in the process of)

B 8  
Note that time phrases referring to past time generally come at the end of the sentence while time phrases referring  to present or future time usually come at the beginning of the sentence. Compare the tables in B8 with the tablea in B7.   The term
hoi (nao) is used only for Past.
Hear the Whole Drill

Questions:

Person Go place -- Act / object From When
Anh
Cac co
Henry
Ch
en Luan- on
ve Hng Cang
i s lam
en nha Kim
(t)
"
"
"
bao gi?
hoi nao?
luc nao?
hom nao?
Person Act / Object From When
Cac anh
Co
Cac ba
Anh
hoc bai Ba
day lp o
an cm Viet
gap ong T

 

(t)
"
"
"
hoi nao?
luc nao?
hom nao?
bao gi?

 

Answers:
Person Go place Time Specific time (past)
Toi
Chung toi
Anh ay
Toi
en Luan-on
ve Hng Cang
i s lam
en nha Kim
hom
ngay
luc
hom

 

th hai.
hai mi lam thang t.
chn gi hai mi.
th bay tuan trc.
Person Act / Object Time Specific time (past)
Chung toi
Toi
Chung toi
Toi
hoc bai ay
day lp o
an cm Viet
gap ong T
(hoi)
luc
hom
(hoi)
sang th t tuan trc.
mi gi sang nay.
th bay.
thang gieng.

 

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