Lesson 3
Phan B - Part B
Chu thch - Notes on Patterns and Grammar
B 1 - Immediate Activity Questions

Questions like the ones in Dialog A 1 are often used as greetings.   They refer to what a person is doing at the moment, as shown here.  (the words ay and o are interchangeable).

Anh i au ay? Where are you going now?
Anh lam g ay? What are you doing there?
Anh hoc g o? What are you studying there?
Not
What are you studying this year?
What are you studying there (at that school)?
Person Action Question words There
Anh i au o?
Cac ch lam g ay?
Cac anh

 

hoc

 

g

 

ay?

 

Person Action Place / Object
Toi i th vien.
Chung toi en bu ien.
" vao hieu an.
" vao s lam.
" vao cau lac bo.
Co ay lam bai Bon.
Chung toi

 

hoc

 

bai Hai.

 

T vng Vocabulary
(i) vao to enter
th vien library
bu ien post office
hieu (northern dialect)
shop, store
tiem (southern dialect)
hieu an (no.) restaurant
tiem an (so.) restaurant
s (lam) office where one works
cau lac bo social club
bai

 

written work, lesson, text

 

There are some place words with which i 'to go' is not used by itself.  These place words are more comfortable with en 'to arrive at' or with i en.
Person to Go Place
Toi i en trng.
Toi i en o.
Toi

 

i en

 

nha ch Mai

 

T vng Vocabulary
nha house
Toi i en trng. I'm going to the school.
Toi (i) en (nha) ch Mai.

 

I'm going to Mai's (place/ house).

 

Example:
Question:
Bay gi ba i bu ien, phai khong?
Answer:
Vang, toi i en o.
Question: Cue:
Cac anh i au ay? Phan Chu Trinh School
Answer:
Chung toi (i) en trng Phan Chu Trinh.
Question: Cue:
Ch i au o? Nga's place/house
Answer:
Toi (i) en nha ch/ co Nga.

B 2
Go Do Something
Notice in the sentence
Chung toi i hoc. We're going to school.
that i is not followed by a place, such as
i Ha Noi, i th vien go to Hanoi, go to library
It is followed by an activity.  This is very common in Vietnamese language.  Compare these English and Vietnamese sentences, stating what one is doing as an occupation. (Note that the same phrases can refer to immediate activity, as in the sentence above.)
I go to school Toi i hoc. (I go study.)
I work. Toi i lam.
Example:
Question A: Cue: hoc
Hai ch i au o?
Answer:
Chung toi i hoc. (We're going to school.)
Question B: Cue: hoc
Bay gi hai ch lam g?
Chung toi i hoc. [We go to school. (We're students)]
Question C Cue: vien chc
Bay gi anh lam g?
Toi i lam.  Toi la vien chc.

 

T vng Vocabulary
vien chc (no. dialect) public servant
cong chc (so. dialect) "

B2.1
Hear the Whole Drill
Person Go Activity
Toi i lam.
Chung toi " hoc.
Ch ay " chi.
Anh ay
"
"
i
"
"
xem phim.
tham ban
tham ch Hai.

Anh ay
"
"

i
"
"

an cm.
an cm Tau.
an ph.
Anh ay
"
"
"

 

i
"
"
"

 

uong
"
"
"

 

nc
bia
ca-phe.
(nc) che.

 

T vng Vocabulary
chi to enjoy leisure time
xem to look at
xem phim to see a movie
tham to visit
ban friend
tham ban to visit a friend
an to eat
an cm to eat a meal (rice)
Tau Chinese (Colloquial)
cm Tau Chinese food
ph Vietnamese rice noodle soup
uong to drink
nc water, liquid
bia beer
ca-phe  coffee 
che (no.), tra (so.) tea

B 2.2
Hear the Whole Drill
Person go (to) Place Activity
Ch ay i Ha Noi tham ban.
Chung  toi i (en) cau lac bo chi.
Anh Thi i (en) cau lac bo uong bia
Hai co ay i (en)  cafe Lisa uong ca-phe.
Chung toi  i en nha co Nga an cm Viet.

B 3
Hear the Whole Drill
Question:
Person Do What / Which subject
Anh lam g?
Cac anh lam g?
Ba ay lam g?
Anh Hung lam g?
Answer:
Person Do Occupation
Toi lam giao vien .
Chung toi la luat s .
Ba ay la bac s.
Anh ay la canh sat .
Ba Mai  la thng gia.
Anh Manh la th ien.
Person Action What / Which subject
Ch hoc g?
Cac co day mon nao?
Ch ay day mon nao?
Answer:
Person Action Topic
Toi hoc tieng Viet.
Chung toi
Ch ay
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
day
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
tieng Anh.
tieng Tay-ban-nha.
ngon ng hoc.
lch s.
luat.
kinh te.
thng mai.
chnh tr (hoc).
nhan loai hoc.
y khoa.
nganh khoa hoc.

 

T vng Vocabulary
mon study
Tay-ban-nha Spain, Spanish *
ngon ng hoc linguistics
lch s history
luat law
kinh te economics
thng mai commerce
chnh  tr politics, political science
nhan loai hoc anthropology
y khoa medecine
nganh khoa hoc science

* Tieng Me is used coloquially for the Spanish spoken by Mexicans.


B 4
The use of the question word a following a statement implies that the speaker expects confirmation, affirmative or negative, of the statement.
Hear the Whole Drill

Statement

eh?

Person Action   at Place
Anh
Cac em
Ch Hoa
Cac ch
lam 
hoc 
song  
an 
o
trng Bong Sen
Nha Trang
Red Hill
a?
"
"
"
Person Action Topic eh?
Anh
Thay
Co
Ch ay
hoc
day
"
"
tieng Viet
kinh te
thng mai
lch s
a?
"
"
"
Person Do / Be Occupation eh?
Co
Cac co
Ong
Cac ong
lam
la
''
''
bac s
luat s
y ta
giao s
a?
"
"
"
Person Go Place / Activity eh?
Ba
Cac ba
Anh
Cac anh

 

i
"
"
"
alat
hieu an
an ph roi
xem phim Saigon
a?
"
"
"
Affirnative answers:
Yes Person Activity
Vang,
"
"
"
"
"
ch ay
toi
toi
chung toi
toi
chung toi
song Nha Trang.
hoc tieng Viet.
day kinh te.
lam giao s.
i an ph roi.
i xem phim o. 

B 5
Hear the Whole Drill

Negative answers:
Person Not Action Place / Object
Toi
Chung toi
Cac co ay
Thay Huy
Chung toi
Hai co ay
Ba ay
Chung toi
Ch Hng
Cac anh ay
khong
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
i
ve
en
sinh
an
lam
lam
hoc
an
uong
Me-tay-c*.
a Nang.
nha toi.
mien Nam.
hieu an o.
Bo Y te.
bac s.
ngon ng hoc.
cm Tau.
tra.
* Me-tay-c         Mexico

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