Lesson 17
Phan B: Chu thch (Notes on Patterns)
B 1
Hear the Whole Drill
I want to ask you to Do activity
Toi muon nh co
"
"
"
"
"
chuyen bc th cho ban.
viet th cho anh ay.
i ch mua cam cho toi.
sa cai ao cho toi.
em nc ra trng.
lo ve viec nay.

 

T vng Vocabulary
ra out to
lo (ve) to worry, be concerned (about)

B 2
Hear the Whole Drill
When Person Activity
Khi nao
"
"
"
"
anh
"
"
"
"
i Saigon?
ghe lai toi?
tot nghiep ai hoc?
tra tien cho ch ay?
tm viec lam mi?

B 3
The phrases khi and khi nao in this type of sentence are almost the same, except that khi nao sounds more indefinite and closer to ' whenever'.
When Person State Person Usually Model Activity
Khi nao
"
"
"
"
"
"
(ch)
"
"
"
"
"
"
ranh,
ranh ,
ranh ,
ranh ,
buon ,
vui ,
co tien ,
ch
toi
anh
toi
toi
toi
toi

 

thng
thng

(thng)
(thng)
(thng)
(thng)

 

thch
thch
thch
thch
thch

lam g?
oc bao .
lam g?
lam vn .
hut thuoc la.
uong ru.
i du lch.

 

T vng Vocabulary
hut to smoke (of person)
thuoc la cigarette

B 4
Hear the Whole Drill
When PERSON is the same as the subject of the PROPOSITION, PERSON is optional.
Before Person Activity Then Proposition
Trc khi
"
"
"
"
"
(ch)
(toi)

toi
(co)
(toi)
i Saigon
en lp
i ngu
i
lam viec o
quyet nh
(th)
"
"
"
"
"
ch nh ghe lai toi nhe .
toi muon i th vien .
ong phai uong ba vien thuoc.
anh hay a tien cho toi i.
co phai suy ngh ky.
toi se hoi y kien ong Qu.
Proposition Before Person Activity
Ch nh ghe lai toi
Toi muon i th vien
Ong phai uong 3 vien thuoc
Anh hay a tien cho toi
Co phai suy ngh ky
Toi se hoi y kien ong Qu

 

trc khi
"
"
"
"
"
(ch)
(toi)

toi
(co)
(toi)
i Saigon nhe.
en lp,
i ngu.
i nhe.
lam viec o.
quyet nh.
T vng Vocabulary
vien pill
thuoc medecine
suy ngh to think, ponder, reflect
ky carefully
y kien idea
hoi y kien to consult

B 5
after Person Activity Then Proposition
Sau khi
"
"
"
"
(toi)
(anh ay)
(ong ay)
ho
ba ay
tot nghiep ai hoc
lay v
thoi viec
neu y kien cua ho
en
(th)
"
"
"
"

 

toi se xin vao Bo Y te.
anh ay don i San Diego .
ong ay m mot quan ca phe .
toi se noi chuyen ve viec o.
ch co the ve.
Proposition after Person Activity
Toi se xin vao Bo Y te
Anh ay don i San Diego
Ong ay m mot quan ca-phe
Toi se noi chuyen ve viec o
Ch co the ve
sau khi
"
"
"
"
(toi)
(anh ay)
(ong ay)
ho
ba ay
tot nghiep ai hoc.
lay v.
thoi viec.
neu y kien cua ho.
en.

 

T vng Vocabulary
lay v/chong to take a wife/husband, to marry
don i to move (to)
thoi viec to resign, stop working
neu y kien to express an idea
co the can, may, be able
*trc/sau lp hoc before/after class
*trc khi/sau khi hoc before/after studying, going to class
trc/sau ba an before/after the meal
trc khi/sau khi an

 

before/after eating

 

* Note: The time words trc and sau must be followed by khi when making a verbal statement; that is, trc/ sau +Noun and trc khi/sau khi +Verb are correct.

 

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