Lesson 13
Phan B -  Chu thch - Notes on Patterns
B 1
You have learned question words in questions asking for information:
Hear the Whole Drill
Anh nh i au?
Where do you intend to go?
Ch muon an g?
What do you want to eat?
If you use a negative with a question word, either to ask a question for a yes or no answer or to make a negative statement, the question word becomes general, that is, non-specific:
Anh co nh i au khong?
Do you intend to go anywhere?
Toi khong nh i au ca.
I haven't planned to go anywhere.
Toi nh khong i au ca.
I intend not to go anywhere.
Study the following sentences:
Person co Action Question word or Not
Anh
Ch
Co
Ba
Co ay
Ch Tam
Ong ay

 

(co)
"
"
"
"
"
"
nh i
muon an
can hoi
dan
ve
hoi
gap
au
g
g
g
au
ai
ai
khong?
"
"
"
"
"
"
Person Not (yet) Action Question word At all
Toi
Toi
Toi
Toi
Co ay
Ch ay
Ong ay
cha
khong
khong
khong
cha
khong
cha

 

nh i
muon an
can hoi
dan
ve
hoi
gap
au
g
g
g
au
ai
ai
ca.
"
"
"
"
"
"
Ch ay co hoi ai khong?
Did she ask for anybody?

B 2
Sometimes if there are two verbs, the time phrase can come after the first verb and before the second verb when the time applies to the action of the second verb.
Time       Person Mode / Action   Action
May gi
Bao gi
Hom nao

 

ch
anh
co ay
nh
muon
hen
i?
lam?
en?

 

Person Mode / Action Time Action
Ch  

Anh 

Co ay 

nh

muon

hen

may gi

bao gi

hom nao

i?

lam?

en?


B 3
Person Action Together Place with Person
Toi cung
"
"
"
"
"
lam
lam
hoc

ve
i

 

cung
"
"
"
"
"
cho
van phong
khoa
khach san
xe
ng
vi
"
"
"
"
"
anh ay.
ong ay.
ch ay.
anh Bnh.
ba Cuc.
anh Lam.
T vng Vocabulary
khoa faculty
khach san hotel

B 4
Person Will   Not Action Complement
Toi
"
"
"
"
"
"
se
"
"
"
"
"
"
khong
"
"
"
"
"
"
i
i bo
i
i du lch
lam thu tuc
hoc ai hoc
ve Ha Noi
c.
c.
toi nay.
nam nay.
tuan nay.
sang nam.
vi anh ay.

B 5
Hear the Whole Drill
Person Let Person Action
----
.
.
.
.
.

Toi
"
"

 

e
"
"
"
"
_____

e
"
"

toi
toi
toi
co ay
ch ay
______

anh
co Xuan
anh

 

xem..
ve van phong.
hoi .
lam giay t.
giat quan ao.
__________

noi chuyen vi co ay.
giang bai.
a ch ay ve.

T vng Vocabulary
a Person ve/i to take person home/somewhere

B 6
In studying about mi in Lesson 7, you learned that the time phrase follows the verb, the expression refers to immediate past.  When the time phrase precedes the verb, there is implied an ' only then' restriction, whether the action occurs in the past or in the future:
mi Verb + time phrase = just did Verb
time phrase +
mi Verb = only then do Verb
In this lesson, 'only then' between two actions is used to indicate that the first action or state is a condition for the second action or state, as shown in these sentences.

 

Necessary condition Only then Outcome
Th vien m ca
Toi phai i Viet Nam nghien cu
Hay i xem phim ay
Co con
Anh tap noi chuyen nhieu
Toi viet xong bai nay

 

mi
"
"
"
"
"
mn c sach.
viet c luan an.
biet phim co hay hay khong?
biet cong lao cha me.
gioi tieng Viet.
goi ien thoai anh ay.
T vng Vocabulary
luan an dissertation, thesis
hay khong or not
cong lao labor, work
Verb xong to finish verb

 

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