TO LIKE AND NOT TO LIKE
ni M. Evangelista
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In Filipino culture, it s not polite to be direct in expressing one's dislike of something, while expressing one's liking of something or someone is mostly appreciated. If someone does not like something, it is better to express it in a subtle way through the use of alibis or "excuses". For instance, if one is offered food but does not feel like eating, he could say, _________(I'm still full) or _________ (I'll take it later). The use of 'po' in Tagalog sentences makes it polite or formal. This way, the person saves his face as well as the person offering the food from embarrassment or rejection.
Preferences may be expressed subtly also in Tagalog. If one prefers one thing from another, he has to say something good about the first item and then express the idea that the second item is much better based on certain criteria. The Tagalog expression, _________(I like this better) communicates a more positive tone than saying, _________ (I don't like that). Gusto and ayaw are the Tagalog words that convey like and dislike, respectively.
Some Tagalog expressions convey like and dislikes in subtle ways. For example, the expression Pwede na rin (roughly equivalent to 'satisfactory' or 'acceptable') indicates liking of something but with much reluctance. Sige na nga (okay, will accept it -- but reluctantly), okay na rin (looks okay), andyan na yan eh (it's here, so might as well) are other Tagalog expressions that convey liking with extreme reluctance, which is more of "dislike" if other options were available.
On the other hand, extreme liking of something may be expressed through repetition of complimentary words, such as _________(to like the most), _________ (very delicious), _________(very nice or very pretty), _________ (very lovable or very adorable), _________ (my type of person or thing), etc.
Some Tagalog expressions that convey extreme dislike of something (often bordering on hatred) are: _________(very hateful); _________ (extremely disliked); _________(extremely hateful), etc.
Expressions of dislike with sarcasm are: _________(I'd rather be commit suicide); _________ (I'd rather be bitten by a snake); _________(is there no other alternative?); _________ (what have I done to deserve this punishment?), etc.