The First 200 Years of Spanish Rule

spain.felipeII.1.jpg (17424 bytes)

Felipe Segundo
(Philip II)
King of Spain

  • Following the discovery of the islands for Spain by Ferdinand Magellan in 1521, the archipelago was made a colony of Spain.
  • The islands became known as the Philippines, named after the King of Spain, Felipe II (Philip II).
  • The Spaniards were able to conquer the archipelago with little bloodshed due to the absence of centralized authority and very low population that was scattered all over the 7,000 islands
  • Spanish rule was principally based in Manila, which became the center of the Galleon trade between Mexico and the Philippines.
  • Manila became the transshipment port for trade between Mexico and China:  the Chinese sent silks to Manila in exchange for Mexican silvers.
  • The Spaniards based in Manila were the middle men in the Galleon trade.
  • In the 19th century, agricultural exports of the Philippines grew, which were made of up sugar, rice, hemp, indigo, bananas, coconuts and pineapple.

Back to 300 Years in the Convent
Back to Philippine Culture, History and Peoples
Back to Philippine Culture Page
Back to Tagalog Home Page