Later, from the XIIIth
to the XVth century, the state was named Xieng Dong Xieng Thong. This name appears in the
legend that tells how the location of the future town was demarcated by two hermitswho
took the Dong stream (whose flow from its source on a hill resembles a pile of rice) as
the southern boundary and a big Thong tree as the northern boundary which explains why the
city was called "Xieng Dong Xieng Thong". This name appears to have been used to
designate Luang Prabang as opposed to Suvannaphoum - which seems to have referred to the
whole of Laos .
Finally, it should be said that the true
splendor of Luang Prabang began with the reign of Fa Ngum in the XIVth century. Together
with his preceptor and numerous persons learned in the Theravada, he established this
religious philosophy. This in turn inspired the will of successive monarchs in making this
capital a pole of thought from which generated the religious art of this city.
An astonishing cultural activity
developed: literature, music and dance played an active part in the social and festive
life. By imposing the Theravada as the state religion, he nonetheless conserved the
beliefs of the common people, or the cult of the Phi.