ກຸຕິນ້ອຍ, ຫໍກອງ ແລະ ຫໍໄຕ
Monasteries, formerly constructed from
light materials and on built on stilts, are nowadays mostly constructed from masonry with
compartments including the monks lodgings and a dining room. These buildings have
nevertheless preserved their ancient form and their roofs and facades are generally
decorated with carved woods.
In the past, most monasteries featured small cells that were
usually constructed in wood and on stilts. In the first month of the Twelve Rites, monks
who had committed misdeeds during the past year came to isolate themselves in order to
ask for pardon.
Almost always confined to the northern part of the viharn is
a building without walls and at times built on stilts. By token of the shape of its
roofing, it resembles a plain sanctuary which is used as a shelter for the pagodas
great drum. Like the gong, the drum is used for the call to prayers as well as to announce
holy days, to mark important events like the Laotian New Year, village festivities,
bereavements and festivals. The drum is made
from a single piece of tree trunk of about 1 meter in diameter. It is hollowed out and
covered at both ends with taut cowhide. Its manufacture and installation used to be
accompanied by numerous rites. The libraries,
previously on stilts, were meant for storing and protecting the manuscripts kept in chests
shaped like inverted pyramids. These square-shaped structures with flared walls were
constructed from different natural elements; raised on an elevated base and covered with
peripheral-style roofing. The Vat May library, which is no longer in existence, was a
perfect example of this type of architecture.