Political Acronyms (Alphabet soup)
Match the correct acronym with its definition and provide the complete name abbreviated by the acronym.
1. This political party was a direct successor of the Khmer People’s National Liberation Front (KPNLF), an anti communist resistant movement created by Prime Minister Son Sann. During the registration of political parties for the 1993 United Nations sponsored elections, Son Sann changed his political party to the BLDP. The party won 10 out of 120 seats at the National Assembly in 1993.
2. Was the direct successor of the People’s Republic of Kampuchea, a name given to Cambodia between 1979 and 1989 during the Vietnamese occupation. The change of the country’s name was accompanied by some fundamental transformation of policies, namely the reintroduction of a market economy and private ownership of property, the adoption of Buddhism as the state religion, and the abolition of death penalty.
3. This party is the successor of the People’s Revolutionary Party of Kampuchea that was formed in 1979 with Vietnamese guidance. The change of name and leaders in 1991 reflected the political strategy of its leaders in anticipation of the coming multi-party elections enshrined in the Paris Peace Agreements. The party is the dominant political party in Cambodia, headed by Chea Sim, currently President of the Senate and Hun Sen, currently the prime minister.
4. 1982-1990 A tri-party, anti-Vietnamese coalition set up in 1982 along the Thai-Cambodian border comprised of the royalist FUNCINPEC, led by Prince Norodom Sihanouk, the republican, non-communist Khmer People National Liberation Front led by veteran Khmer politician, Son Sen, and the Khmer Rouge headed by Khieu Samphan. This government-in-exile was officially recognized by the United Nations and it occupied the Cambodian seat at the United Nations until the signing of the Paris Peace Agreement in 1991.
5. The Khmer Rouge took control of Cambodia on April 17, 1975 and established a government by this name. With the promulgation of a new constitution on January 5,1976, the Khmer Rouge established DK, initially with Prince Norodom Sihanouk as head of state. Khieu Samphan later succeeded Prince Sihanouk when he resigned the post in April of that year. Pol Pot was the Prime Minister.
6. This movement was a political movement established by Ieng Sary in 1995 with headquarters in Pailin, a former Khmer Rouge stronghold in northwestern Cambodia. Although the movement at first maintained its neutrality regarding conflicts between the CPP and FUNCINPEC, it later supported the CPP.
7. This is a French acronym for the political party which was formed by Prince Norodom Sihanouk in 1982 with the support of ASEAN, China, and western countries to oppose the Vietnamese occupying forces and Vietnamese backed government in Phnom Penh. This group joined the Khmer Rouge and the KPNLF in a tripartite-government, known as the Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea, which controlled the Cambodian seat at the United Nation until 1990. Under the leadership of Sihanouk, this group was an active party in the process of peace negotiations that lead to the signing of Paris Peace Agreement in 1991. Under the terms of the agreement, the Supreme National Council (SNC) was created to represent Cambodian sovereignty. Prince Norodom Sihanouk transferred the leadership of the group to his son Prince Norodom Ranariddh in order to become the president of the SNC.
8. This was a non-communist resistance movement created by former prime minister Son Sann in October 1979 to oppose the Vietnamese occupying forces and Vietnamese installed government in Phnom Penh. In 1982, it joined FUNCINPEC and the Khmer Rouge to set up a so-called Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea with Son San as prime minister. This group was a party to the negotiation process resulting in the signing of the Paris Peace Agreements in 1991 that paved the way for the United Nations supervised elections in 1993.
9. The Front was established in December 1978 with Vietnamese assistance and guidance and with Heng Samrin as its president. It was in the name of the front that the Vietnamese forces invaded Cambodia on Christmas Eve of 1978. It was the fundamental organ out of which PRK state power and the first PRK government developed. It later changed its name first in 1981 to the "Front for the Construction of the Motherland of Kampuchea" and then at the end of the same year to the "Solidarity Front for the Construction and Defense of the Motherland of Kampuchea."
10. This is the name given to Cambodia from 1979 to 1989 during the Vietnamese occupation. Its president, Heng Samrin, had been a Khmer Rouge military commander in the eastern zone until early 1978 when he fled to Vietnam to escape Pol Pot’s violent political purges. The high-ranking officials of this government were comprised largely of Cambodians who had defected from the Khmer Rouge ranks or who were Cambodian communist veterans who had spent many years in Vietnam.
11. The body was set up under the Peace Paris Agreement signed in 1991 by the Cambodian warring factions. Under the terms of the agreement, SNC represents "the unique legitimate body and source of authority in which, throughout the transitional period, the sovereignty, independence and unity of Cambodia are enshrined."
12. This entity was established under the terms of the 1991 Paris Peace Agreement. It was created by the UN Security Council with civilian and military components to ensure the implementation of the peace agreement. Under the direct responsibility of the UN Secretary General, it was given the responsibility to guarantee a neutral political environment conducive to free and fair elections scheduled for May 1993. To accomplish this task, it deployed approximately 22,000 civilian, military and security personnel to Cambodia with a budget of around US 2 billion dollars.