Contemporary Society


1.  In the immediate period after the collapse of the Khmer Rouge regime, Cambodians:

  1. tried to travel back to their homes and find lost relatives
  2. began to receive aid from international organizations such as the Asian Development Bank and USAID.
  3. Enjoyed a return to peace and stability
  4. Traveled to the Vietnamese border for safety.


2.  The People’s Republic of Kampuchea (PRK) (1979-89) was a socialist government that:

  1. undertook the reconstruction of the health and education sectors. 
  2. Set up collectivized agricultural cooperatives for agricultural production
  3. Used forced conscription to recruit for the military and for civilian forces to work as laborers in the border zones.
  4. All of the above.


3.  During the PRK:

  1. Most people wanted to work for the government because of the security it provided.
  2. No one wanted to work for the government because of its socialist policies
  3. Only Vietnamese were allowed to work for the government.
  4. None of the above.


4.  Cambodian rural peasant villages in the aftermath of the Khmer Rouge regime:

  1. are effectively destroyed, with people no longer cooperating or seeing themselves as a “true” community.
  2. Have returned to prewar patterns of selfishly guarding ones own resources and not helping one another.
  3. Have returned to prewar patterns of mutual assistance but with limited resources to share.
  4. None of the above.


5.  The United Nations Peacekeeping Mission to Cambodia in 1992-93 brought about:

  1. An immediate end to hostilities and a verifiable disarmament process.
  2. New problems with the introduction of the AIDs virus and conditions that contributed to its rapid spread.
  3. A democratically elected government, though it proved a weak coalition of parties still at odds with one another.
  4. B and C above.
  5. All of the above.


6.  The Cambodian economy improved slowly, but steadily in the 1990s, including growth in:

  1. forestry
  2. garment production
  3. construction
  4. tourism
  5. all of the above.


7. Critical problems that remain for Cambodia include: 

  1. the siphoning off of aid funds so that only powerful city elite benefit
  2. an estimated one third of Khmer people living in poverty (with the standard set below the one dollar a day figure used in most third world countries)
  3. smuggling of drugs and human trafficking for prostitution and sexual slavery
  4. a resurgence of the Khmer Rouge movement
  5. all of the above
  6. only A-C above



8.  A new problem to emerge in Cambodia in the 1990s is landlessness.

                                    TRUE                                      FALSE



9.  The leading cause of landlessness, among those who had land and lost it was:

  1. the theft of land by local officials
  2. borrowing against the land to treat illness within the family and being unable to repay
  3. land mines
  4. chemical  poisoning of the land
  5. all of the above


10.  The leading cause of landlessness, among those who have never had land was:

  1. the landless were returned refugees
  2. the landless were young newly married couples
  3. the landless were migrants out from the cities
  4. the landless were migrants from other countries
  5. all of the above


11.  The HIV/AIDs crisis has arrived in Cambodia with estimated infection rates of:

  1. 1.5 %
  2. 3.5 %
  3. 5 %
  4. 8 %


12.  Natural resource management in Cambodia faces very serious challenges including:

  1. rampant illegal logging
  2. overfishing in the great lake
  3. the building of dams on the upper Mekong River
  4. all of the above
  5. A and B only


13.  Since 1993 new “civil society” actors have been playing and increasingly important role in Cambodian society.  These new actors are:

a.       human rights organizations

b.       women’s organizations

c.       press associations

d.       religious associations

e.       all of the above.