ENGLISH TO INDONESIAN

DICTIONARY

 

How to Find Words in the Dictionary

Unlike most words in the English language, the roots of many words in Indonesian can be obscured by layers of prefixes and suffixes. Applying a few simple rules will save hours of searching through dictionaries. This is not a review of months of grammar study required to understand the real meaning of these modifications to the root but a simple guide to finding the word in the first place.

Prefix Example Root Explanation
bel belajar ajar Drop the "bel"
ber berada ada Drop the "ber" unless the root begins with "r" (for example, berasa comes from rasa not asa)
be bepergian pergi Drop the "be"
di ditutup tutup Drop the "di"
ke kerajinan rajin Drop the "ke"
me, pe See Table A-1
per..an pertanian tani Drop the "per"
se sebulan bulan Drop the "se"
ter terbuka buka Drop the "ter"
-an besaran besar Drop the "an"
-i menjauhi jauh Drop the "i"
-kan memburukan buru Drop the "kan"
-lah duduklah duduk Drop the "lah"
-nya akhirnya akhir Drop the "nya"

Note that some root words really do begin with what appear to be prefixes: belanja, pergi, beri, kepala, kelapa, etc. They are usually common words. When in doubt, look up the entire word first.

Table A-1. Determining the Root of "me" and "pe" Words

Form Example Root To form root ...
me + l melatih latih drop "me"
me + ma memasak masak drop "me"
mematuhi patuhi drop "mem", add "p"
me + mb membuat buat drop "mem"
me + mf memfokuskan fokus drop "mem"
me + mp memproduksi produksi drop "mem"
me + mper memperhalus halus drop "memper"
me + na menamai nama drop "me"
menanamkan tanam drop "men", add "t"
me + nc mencari cari drop "men"
me + nd mendatangkan datang drop "men"
me + nga mengalahkan kalah drop "meng" add "k"
mengambil ambil drop "meng"
menganga nganga drop "me"
me + nge mengelakkan elak drop "meng"
mengetik tik drop "menge"
me + ngg menggarap garap drop "meng"
me + ngh mengharap harap drop "meng"
me + ngi mengikat ikat drop "meng"
me + ngkh mengkhwatirkan khwatir drop "meng"
me + ngo mengolah olah drop "meng"
me + ngu mengukur ukur drop "meng"
me + nj menjatuhkan jatuh drop "men"
me + nsy mensyratkan syrat drop "men"
me + ny menyatakan nyata drop "me"
menyatukan satu drop "meny" add "s"
me + r meramaikan ramai drop "me"
me + y meyakinkan yakin drop "me"

Word List

Some grammatical notes:


 

Word List 

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

English   Indonesian
AAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
above adv atas
address n alamat
afternoon n soré
age n umur
air n udara
air conditioning n A/C
airport n bandar udara
already adv sudah
apple n apel
arrive v datang

 

BAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
bad adj tidak baik
baggage n bagasi
banana n pisang
bank n bank
bar n bar
bath n mandi
bathe v mandi
bathroom n kamar mandi
beach n pantai
bed n tempat tidur
beef n daging sapi
beer n bir
below adv bawah
big adj besar
bill n bon
black n hitam
blue adj biru
book n buku
bread n roti
bring v bawa
brother n adik (younger); kakak (older)
brown adj coklat
bus n bis
butter n mentéga
buy v beli

 

CAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
car n mobil
careful! int hati-hati
chair n kursi
cheap adj murah
chicken n ayam
child n anak
chocolate adj coklat
clean adj bersih
clean v cuci
close v tutup
clothing n pakaian
coffee n kopi
cold adj dingin
cook v masak
cooked adj matang
cup n cankir

 

DAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
date n tanggal
day n hari
daytime n siang
dead adj mati
dirty adj kotor
doctor n dokter
door n pintu
drink v minum
drinking water n air putih
driver n sopir

 

EAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
eat v makan
empty adj kosong
enough adv cukup
enter v masuk
entrance n jalan/pintu masuk
exit n jalan/pintu keluar
exit v keluar
expensive adj mahal

 

FAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
father n bapak
finished adj habis
fire n api
fish n ikan
food store n toko makanan
foot n kaki
forget v lupa
fork n garpu
fresh adj segar
fried adj goréng
fried rice n nasi goréng
from prep dari
fruit n buah
full adj penuh

 

GAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
give v beri
give v kasih
glass n gelas
go v pergi
go down v turun
go home v pulang
go in v masuk
good adj bagus, baik
go out v keluar
go up v naik
green adj hijau

 

HAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
half adv setengah
hand n tangan
happy adj senang
have v punya
he pron dia
head n kepala
hear v déngar
help v tolong
hospital n rumah sakit
hot adj panas
hotel n hotél
hour v jam
house n rumah
how many adv berapa
how much adv berapa
hundred adv ratus
hurt adj sakit
husband n suami

 

IJKAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
I pron saya
ice n és
it pron dia
juice n jus
key n kunci
knife n pisau

 

LAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
learn v belajar
left adv kiri
let's go!. int ayo
letter n surat
light n lampu
like v suka
like (=as) adv seperti
look v lihat
look for v cari
lost (person) adj tersesat
lost (things) adj hilang

 

MAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
maid n pembantu
man n laki-laki
man n pria
market n pasar
married adj kawin
me pron saya
meat n daging
medicine n obat
milk n susu
million adv juta
minute n minit
Mister n Pak, bapak
money n uang
month n bulan
more adv lagi
mother n ibu
Mrs. n Ibu
museum n museum

 

NAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
newspaper n surat kabar
nice adj bagus
night n malam
no int tidak
noisy adj berisik
not adv bukan
not yet adv belum
number n nomor

 

OAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
office n kantor
open v buka
orange n jeruk
orange juice n air jeruk

 

PQAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
paper n kertas
park n taman
person n orang
plate n piring
please give me v Saya minta...
police n polisi
police station n kantor polisi
post office n kantor pos
postage stamp n perangko
quickly adv cepat

 

RAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
rain n hujan
red adj merah
remember v ingat
restaurant n restoran
restaurant n rumah makan
rice n nasi (cooked); beras (uncooked)
right adv kanan
ripe adj matang
room n kamar

 

SAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
sand n pasir
salt n garam
same adv sama
see v lihat
shop v belanja
shower n mandu
shower v mandi
sick adj sakit
sister n adik (younger); kakak (older)
sleep v tidur
small adj kecil
soap n sabun
speak v bicara
spoon n séndok
station n stasiun
stomach n perut
store n toko
street n jalan
study v belajar
sugar n gula
swim v berenang
swimming pool n kolam renang

 

TAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
table n méja
taxi n taksi
tea n téh
telephone n télepon
thousand adv ribu
time v jam
to prep ke
today adv hari ini
toilet n kamar kecil
toilet paper n tisu
tomorrow adv bésok
towel n handuk
train n keréta api
travel v jalan-jalan

 

UAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
umbrella n payung
use v pakai

 

VWXYZAG00109_.gif (1642 bytes)
vegetable n sayur
wait v tunggu
wake v bangun
walk v jalan kaki
want (to) v mau
warm adj hangat
wash v cuci
watch out! int awas
water n air
we pron kita
wear v pakai
week n minggu
white n putih
wife n isteri
woman n wanita
wrong adj salah
year n tahun
yellow adj kuning
yes int ya
yesterday adv kemarin
you pron anda
You're welcome.   Kembali.

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