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Word Order and Vocabulary Practice (Keren! 1, Topics 1 & 2)

Here are PHRASES to practice word order; use the Bahasa Inggeris column to make sure you understand the Bahasa Indonesia phrase, then cover the Bahasa Indonesia column and see if you can remember it by looking at the Bahasa Inggeris column. Remember, adjectives and possessives come AFTER the nouns they modify.

Bahasa Indonesia Bahasa Inggeris

ayah saya

orang tua kamu

Monumen Nasional

rumah kecil

paman ibu saya

Jalan Normal

rumah keluarga Mursidi

teman bibi Zainal

kamar mandi

kamar makan

bus kota

sekolah mereka

burungnya

anjing nakal

kucing gemuk

nama nenek saya

kantor bapak Kustiani

kabar baik

orang Jepang

orang hutan

bahasa Inggeris

mobil itu

ikan emas ini
my father

your parents (lit. "your old people")

National Monument

little house

my mother’s uncle

Normal Street

Mursidi family’s house

Zainal’s aunt’s friend

bath room

dining (lit. "eating") room

city bus

their school

his/her/their bird

naughty dog

fat cat

my grandmother’s name

Kustiani’s father’s office

good news

Japanese person

orangutang (lit. "forest person")

English language

that car

this gold fish

Now, here are some sentences making use of these phrases:

Ayah saya bukan orang Kanada.                 My father is not a Canadian.
Orang tua kamu sedang makan pagi.         Your parents are eating breakfast.
Monumen Nasional ada di kota Jakarta. The National Monument is in the city of Jakarta.
Rumah saya adalah rumah kecil.                My house is a little house.
Paman ibu saya tidak gemuk.                         My mother’s uncle isn’t fat.
Apakah dia tinggal di Jalan Normal?         Does she live on Normal Street?
Rumah keluarga Mursidi modern.                The Mursidi family’s house is modern.
Siapa nama teman bibi Zainal?                 What is the name of Zainal’s aunt’s friend?
Dia sedang mandi di kamar mandi.                 He’s taking a bath in the bathroom.
Tidak ada kamar makan di rumahnya.       There isn’t a dining room in his house.
Pak Mursidi naik bus kota ke kantornya. Mr. Mursidi takes the city bus to his office.
Itu bukan sekolah mereka.                         That is not their school.
Burungnya kecil dan bagus.                        Their bird is small and good/beautiful.
Siapa mempunyai anjing nakal ini?         Who owns this naughty dog?
Kucing gemuk itu bernama Garfield.             That fat cat is named Garfield.
Nama nenek saya adalah Rita.                My grandmother’s name is Rita.
Kantor bapak Kustiani ada di Jakarta.         Kustiani’s father’s office is in Jakarta.
"Apa kabar?"                                               "How’s it going? [=What’s the news?]"
"Kabar baik!"                                                        "Fine. [= The news is good]"
Apakah Anda adalah orang Jepang?        Are you a Japanese person?
Saya bukan orang hutan!                            I am not an orangutang!
Orang Indonesia itu sedang belajar Bahasa Inggeris.    That Indonesian person is studying English.
Mobil itu bukan mobil saya.                        That car is not my car.
Kucing kamu sedang makan ikan emas ini! Your cat is eating these gold fish!

And as long as weíre at it, here are some numbers.

NOTE: Unlike adjectives (baik, nakal), possessives, and words like "ini" & "itu", NUMBERS come BEFORE the noun they modify IF THEY ARE COUNTING HOW MANY NOUNS there are: enam kelas = six classes. But if they are acting like adjectives (describing a noun), they come after the noun like other adjectives: kelas enam = grade six.

seventy-six trombones tujuh puluh enam trombon
10 little Indians sepuluh orang asli Amerika (= native Americans) kecil
493 college students empat ratus sembilan puluh tiga mahasiswa
101 dalmations seratus satu anjing "dalmasyon"
12 eggs duabelas telur
one night in Bangkok satu malam di kota Bangkok
1000 years seribu tahun
the year 2011 tahun dua ribu sebelas

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