Dr. Clark Neher

How Communist Vietnam Lost the Peace

 

[Pictures of Vietnam]


I. Post-War Vietnamese Economy

    1. Disastrous economy in 1980s and early 1990s
      1. Vietnamese occupation of Laos and Cambodia
      2. Bureaucratic inefficiency; Stifled entrepreneurial spirit
      3. Nationalization of industries and land
      4. Need for reconstruction of destroyed areas
      5. Natural disasters: floods, droughts, typhoons
    1. Sixth Party Congress of Communist Party 1986
      1. Doi Moi - renovation
      2. End of Soviet Support
      3. Growth of foreign investment - 1989
      4. Legal framework
      5. Return of land to peasants
      6. Privatization
      7. Rice self-sufficiency
      8. Gap between northern and southern Vietnam
    1. Eighth Communist Party Congress June - July 1996
      1. Commitment to economic reform
      2. Continuation of Political centralization
        1. Single party dominance
        2. Tight control over social pathologies
        3. Disdain for western democracy
        4. Continuation of gerentocracy
    1. U.S. Relations with Vietnam
      1. Lifting of the Embargo 1995
      2. U.S. Diplomatic Relations 1996
      3. Reasons for normalization and lifting embargo
        1. Getting diplomats in country
        2. Economic opportunities in "new economic frontier"
        3. Rest of the world had made peace with Vietnam
    1. Future of Vietnam
      1. Outside forces
        1. Democratization
        2. Capitalism
      2. Internal forces
        1. Rise of middle class
        2. Tourism
        3. Internationalization of economy


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