RELIGION AND COSMOLOGY IN EASTERN INDONESIA

INTRODUCTION:

 

Creating the Ancestors through ritual and sacrifice:

1.) Ancestors of the inside, specific forms of nitu: named, mainly benevolent and protective ensuring fertility, well-being, and continuity of group through granting life-generative potential

        ebu nusi / ebu kajo

2.) Ancestors of the outside, generalized ancestors, nitu: inhabit invisible villages in the forest jungle; specifically in lake/pond/river/stream beds (i.e. water sources), large stones and boulders, large trees of the Ficus type – banyan trees and especially hebu (Cassia fistula); these are mainly potentially malevolent if their place of habitation is breached by improper human behavior but benevolent when approached in the context of ritual; beneath the earth – particularly as guardians of the agricultural garden and of the village;

 

FURTHER READINGS SUGGESTED:

Molnar, Andrea K.

1997 "Christianity and Traditional Religion among the Hoga Sara of West-Central Flores". Anthropos. 92:393-408.

 

Return To Main Crossroads Page