WRITING

Here are some loan-words written with     "i" vowel.

လီလီ lily (Eng)
မာလီ gardener (Hindi)
ဘာလီ name of an island in Indonesia (Indonesia)
မာမီ mother (Eng)
မီတာ meter (Eng)

 READING

WEAKENING

In these Reading lessons, you will notice the weakening of [a] vowel in the following words.

WRITTEN READ
ကတိ [ká tí] sound.gif (2534 bytes) [gâ dí] sound.gif (2534 bytes)
သတိ [thá tí] sound.gif (2534 bytes) [dhâ dí] sound.gif (2534 bytes)
အသီးသီး [á thì thì] sound.gif (2534 bytes) [â thì dhì] sound.gif (2534 bytes)
သားအကြီး [thà á cì] sound.gif (2534 bytes) [thà âcì] sound.gif (2534 bytes)
အများကြီး [á mjà cì] sound.gif (2534 bytes) [âmjà jì] sound.gif (2534 bytes)

 

VOICING

You will also notice the voicing of some consonants.  The [t] is voiced as [d], the [c] as [j] and the [th] as [dh]. 

 

WRITTEN READ
ကတိ [ká tí] sound.gif (2534 bytes) [gâ dí] sound.gif (2534 bytes)
သတိ [thá tí] sound.gif (2534 bytes) [dhâ dí] sound.gif (2534 bytes)
အသီးသီး [á thì thì] sound.gif (2534 bytes) [â thì dhì] sound.gif (2534 bytes)
မီးသီး [mì thì] sound.gif (2534 bytes) [mì dhì] sound.gif (2534 bytes)
အများကြီး [á mjà cì] sound.gif (2534 bytes) [âmjà jì] sound.gif (2534 bytes)

VARIOUS READING of - ည်

Although the vowel symbol (-) is basically for the vowel [i], you will hear it read differently on some occasions.

WRITTEN READ
ပြည် [pji] sound.gif (2534 bytes) [pji] or [pje] sound.gif (2534 bytes)
နာမည် [na mi] sound.gif (2534 bytes) [na meh] sound.gif (2534 bytes)
နားလည် [nà li] sound.gif (2534 bytes) [nà leh] sound.gif (2534 bytes)
မည် [mi] sound.gif (2534 bytes) [meh] or [mji] sound.gif (2534 bytes)
သည် [thi] sound.gif (2534 bytes) [dhi] sound.gif (2534 bytes)