Burmese is basically a monosyllabic language and each sound could have meaning as in the following.
Learn how some loan-words from foreign languages are Burmanized:
At the very beginning of learning Burmese writing, the Burmese learners are taught to read as it is spoken while they need to write orthographically correct not to lose the semantic value of the word. This teaching indicates that reading a script itself is sometimes different from reading it in a word or a sentence.
In the Reading lessons here, you can notice two phonological differences in reading and writing- weakening of syllable and voicing the consonants.
Look at these words for example: ဗမာစာ and ဆရာ
We will read ဗမာစာ as [bá ma sa] if we try to read as it is written. However, you will hear it normally read as [bâ ma za]. Notice that [á], the low tone of [a] vowel, is weakened as [â]. It is also true for the [hsá] of the word ဆရာ which is read [hsâ ya].
Below are more examples of the weakening of [á] found in some words in the reading lesson on sentence level.
Look at the these words for example: ဗမာစာ and စကားများ
We will read ဗမာစာ [bá ma sa] if we try to read as it is written. However, you will hear it normally read as ဗ မာ ဇာ Notice that the consonant script စ [sá lòun] of the last syllable စာ [sa] is read as ဇာ [za] replacing စ [sá lòun] with ဇ [zá gwèh], thus the voiceless consonant [s] changes to the voiced consonant [z]. It is true for the [s] စ the first syllable of the word စကားများ which is read as ဇကားများ
The ပါ [pa], the sentence endings in the sentences you learned in the reading lessons, is read as [ba].
WEAKENING + VOICING
Do not miss the fact that the syllable စ [sá] of the word စကားများ is both weakened and voiced when it is read or spoken.
Also notice that [thá] is weakened and voiced when we read it as [dhâ] in the sentences အား သ လား and သနား သ လား။ The voiceless [th] is similar to the [th] of the English word "thin" and the voiced [dh] similar to [th] of the English word [then].
Learners will learn the differences between reading and writing gradually and naturally when they are more familiar with the Burmese speech sounds.