Table 2. The Vocalic System

 

  Front Unrounded Back Unrounded Back round
UPPER High Vowels i ư u
Upper Mid Vowels ơ
LOWER Lower Mid Vowels e   o
Higher Low Vowels ă  
Lower Low Vowels a    

 

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Symbol

Rough English Equivalent Example
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)a father số ba - three
miền nam - south
bn - table
vng - gold
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ach   sch - book
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)anh . anh - elder brother
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ai aisle mai - tomorrow
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ay bite my - machine
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ao cacao sao - star
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)au about sau - afterward
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ă hat cắp - pilfer
năm - five
đắt - expensive
ăn - eat
bắc - north
nặng - heavy
spkr1.gif (932 bytes) but ngập - flooded
rất - very
đm - stab
dn - citizen
vng - obey
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)u   đu - where(ever)
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)y   đy - there
thầy - teacher
ty - west
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)e (bet) slightly lower than in English nghe - listen
đem- carry
đẹp - beautiful
đen - black
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)eo   mo - cat
spkr1.gif (932 bytes) they qu - rural area
(bet) slightly higher than in English bếp - kitchen
hết - used up
đm - night
nn - therefore
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ch   ếch - frog
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)nh   bnh - defend
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)u   nếu - if
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)i see đi - go
chị - elder sister
beet kịp - in time
t - be a small amount
tm - to search
in - print
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ich itch ch - usefull
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)inh   lnh - soldier
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ia idea chia - divide
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)-i- deal tiếp - continue
biết - know
miền - region
nghiệm - experiment
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)-ic   việc - affair
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)-ing   tiếng - noise
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)-iu   hiểu - understand
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)-iu   chịu - suffer, endure
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)o low (slightly higher than in English) nhỏ - small
ngon - tasty
to - large
ngọt - sweet
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)oi boy đi - be hungry
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)oo used only in a few loan words soong - pot
boong - deck
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)oc   đọc - read
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ong   ong - bee
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)oa   a - burst into tears
ga - be widowed
khoai - potato
ton - calculate
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)oach   och - well dressed
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)oanh   oanh - oriole
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)oay ay xoay - turn
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)oă-   hoặc - or
ngoắt - turn around quickly
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)oe west khỏe - healthy
le loẹt - gaudy
spkr1.gif (932 bytes) snow c - father's sister
bộ - a set
  hộp - box
hm - day
tốt - good
bốn - four
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)i boy ti - I
ngồi - sit
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)c   độc - poisonous
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ng   ng - grandfather
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ơ   mơ - dream
sợ - be afraid
hơn - more than
cơm - cooked rice
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ơi . với - with
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)u sue ngủ - sleep
boot chụp - snap
bt - writing instrument
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ua   cua - crab
ma - season
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ui buoy mũi - nose
vui - pleasant
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)u-   buồm - (ship's) sail
chuột - rat
lun - continually
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)uc   luộc - cook by boiling
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ung   chung - bell
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ui   đui - tail
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)u suede thu - to rent
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)uch   khuếch - amplify
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)unh   hunh hoang - showy
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)u- won xun - spring (season)
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)uy wee khuy - button
weep hut - to whistle
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)uya   khuya - late at night
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)uy-   tuyết - snow
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)uyu   khuỷu - elbow
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)   thuở - epoch
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ư good tư - fourth
đứt - break
sức - strength
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ưa   mưa - rain
đưa - handle
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ưi   ngửi - sniff
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ươ-   ướp - to perfume
ướt - wet
vườn - garden
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ươi   người - person
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ươu   rượu - alcoholic drink
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)ưu   mưu - ruse
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)y see Mỹ - America
kỳ - strange
beet hy-r - hydrogen
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)y-   yn - calm
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)yng-   yểng - blackbird
spkr1.gif (932 bytes)yu   yu - cherish, love

 

Contents prepared by Dan Dan Tu
Designed by Hieu Nguyen
Audio by TrungVan Vo