Point III : Possession

 

Two ways of indicating possession are illustrated in the two columns below:

Phʉˆan  khɔ̆ɔŋ phŏm Phʉˆan  phŏm 'my friends'
mùak  khɔ̆ɔŋ khun mùak khun 'your hat'
sʉˆkhɔ̆ɔŋ khăw sʉˆa khăw 'his coat'
sʉˆkhɔ̆ɔŋ  phuˆuchaay  khon nán sʉˆa phuˆuchaay  khon nán 'that man's coat'
     Possession is shown by the use of the word  khɔ̆ɔŋ 'of' followed by a pronoun or noun which gives the identity of the possessor.  Hence Phʉˆan   khɔ̆ɔŋ phŏm means literally 'friend (or friends) of me.'  It is also possible to express possession by omitting khɔ̆ɔŋ (as in the center column above); it, therefore, makes very little difference whether you say Phʉˆan   khɔ̆ɔŋ phŏm or simply,  Phʉˆan  phŏm.   Basically,  khɔ̆ɔŋ means 'thing.'

     You will also notice from the examples above that words or phrases indicating possession are descriptive words or phrases of one type.  They are, therefore, placed after the word they modify just like other types of descriptive words and phrases.

 

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