Pronunciation

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1. How is your ŋ sound?

          If you have difficulty in pronouncing the words in the practice below, turn back to the Hints on Pronunciaton of Unit 4 and review Practice 4.  You should also reread the suggestions for learning how to pronounce ŋ in initial position.

Practice I

 

ไง
ŋay

how

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ใน
nay

in

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งั้น

ŋán

like that

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นั้น
nán

that

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งาม
ŋaam

to be beautiful

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ง่าย

ŋaˆay

to be easy

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งอก
ŋɔˆɔk

to grow (of plants)

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เงียบ
ŋiˆap

to be quiet

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เหงา
ŋăw

to be lonesome

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การงาน
kaanŋaan

work

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ง่วงนอน

ŋuˆaŋnɔɔn

to be sleepy

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ทำงานง่าย
tham  ŋaan   ŋaˆay

to do easy work

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ข้าวงอกงาม ในนา

khaˆaw   ŋɔˆɔŋaam  nay   naa

the rice is growing nicely in the field

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2. Can you keep these words apart?

          The practice below contains five groups of words.  Each group is made up of words which might sound alike to you unless you are able to do all of the following things:

a) Keep the short and long vowels apart.
b) Get the tones right.
c) Keep the aspirated and unaspirated consonants apart
d) Keep the voiced and voiceless unaspirated consonants apart.
e) Keep yy, ya, and əə apart.
f) Keep e and ɛ apart.
g) Keep o and ɔ apart.
h) Keep y and u apart.
i) Keep ŋ and n apart.

 

Practice II

Group 1:

เก่า

kàw

to be old (of things not alive)

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เก้า

kaˆw

nine

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เข้า
khaˆw

to enter

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ข้าว
khaˆaw

rice

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เขา

khăw

he, she, they

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ขาว
khăaw

to be white

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Group 2:

ไป
pay

to go

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ใบ

bay

(clf. for containers, for fruit)

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บ่าย
bàay

afternoon

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Group 3:

คน
khon

person

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คง
khoŋ

sure to

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โกน
koon

to shave

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ก่อน
kɔ̀ɔn

before

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Group 4:

เลือก
lʉˆak

to choose

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เลิก
ləəˆk

to quit

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ลึก
lʉ́k

to be deep

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ลุก
lúk

to get up

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ลูก

luˆuk

child

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Group 5:

แกง
kɛɛŋ

curry

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เก่ง
kèŋ

to be expert

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แข็ง
khɛ̆ŋ

to be hard, strong

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