PRACTICE 1

After 1st spiral.

Tones.

     While listening to the words and phrases already given, you have probably noticed that Thai seems to be sung, for each syllable has its own definite pitch. These differences in pitch or tone are just as important in Thai as the consonants (sounds like p or b or s or m) and vowels (sounds like i or a or u). However, you will find that the tones are not difficult to produce if you will imitate your Guide or the records as exactly as possible.
     The little marks over the vowel letters
a, e, ɛ, ə, i, o, ɔ, u, and ʉ are put there to remind you of the proper tone. Thus a small upside down caret (    ̌  ) over a vowel stands for a rising tone. Listen to the Guide, and imitate him carefully.

ขวา

'right (opp. of left)'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)khwǎ:

หวี

'comb'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)wǐ:

ผม

'I' (male)

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)phǒm

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PRACTICE 2

After 2nd spiral.

ไหม

The yes/no Question word is pronounced máy (high tone) Its spelled pronunciation, however, is mǎy (rising tone)

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)máy

ชี้

'to the point, point at'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)chí:

ซ้าย

'left'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)sá:y

แล้ว

'already' or 'then'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)læ:w

ช้าช้า

'slowly'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)chá:chá:

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PRACTICE 3

After 3rd spiral.

ว่า

'thus'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)wâ:

แม่

'mother'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)mæ:

ใช่

'that's it'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)chây

ที่นี่

'here'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)thî:nî:

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PRACTICE 4

After 4th spiral.

อยู่

'to be (of location)'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)yù:

สี่

'four'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)sì:

ถูก

'to be right, correct'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)thù:k

โปรด

'please'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)prò:t

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PRACTICE 5

Record 2A, after 5th spiral.

ดี

'to be good; well, quite'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)di:

นาย

'Mr.; master, boss'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)na:y

คุณ

'you' or 'Mr., Mrs., Miss'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)khun

โรงแรม

'hotel'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)ro:ŋræ:m

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PRACTICE 6

Record 2A, after 6th spiral.

Long and short vowels.

     You have probably noticed by now that in Thai some vowels seem to be longer in duration than other vowels. This is an important distinction to make in Thai, and the vowels which are of brief duration are called short vowels while those which are of longer duration are called long vowels. In the Aids to Listening, long vowels are indicated by a doubling of the vowel, thus: dii 'to be good.' Short vowels are indicated by a single vowel.
     The practices below will help you hear and pronounce long and short vowels. Listen carefully while the speaker pronounces the word, and try to imitate the speech as accurately as you can.

เขา

The pronoun 'he, she, they' is normally pronounced kháw. In careful, emphasized  speech (i.e. spelled pronunciation) it is pronouned khǎw.

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*khǎw/kháw

ขาว

'to be white'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*khǎ:w

ใน

'in'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*nay

นาย

'Mr., master, boss'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)na:y

บัตร

'card'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*bàt

บาท

'baht, tical'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*bà:t

เห็ด

'mushroom'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*hèt

เหตุ

'reason, cause'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*hè:t

บุตร

'son'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*bùt

บูด

'to be rancid'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*bù:t

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PRACTICE 7

Record 2A, after 7th spiral.

ขาว

'to be white'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*khǎ:w

เขา

'he, she, they'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*khǎw/kháw

นาย

'Mr., master, boss'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)na:y

ใน

'in'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*nay

บาท

'baht, tical'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*bà:t

บัตร

'card'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*bàt

เหตุุ

'reason, cause'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*hè:t

เห็ด

'mushroom'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*hèt

บูด

'to be rancid'

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*bù:t

บุตร

'son' (formal)

speaker.gif (1533 bytes)*bùt

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