SA Personal Pronouns

Person/Number Singular Plural
1st Person AKIN
(me/my )
NAMIN
(us/our)
NATIN
(us/our)
2nd Person IYO
(you/your)
INYO
(you/your)
3rd Person KANYA
(him/his/her)
KANILA
(them/their)


1. SA-pronouns indicate possession. The possessor comes before the noun possessed. Structurally, the possessor-pronoun is used as a modifier of the noun possessed. Thus,  the linker NA (-ng/na) is required between the pronoun and the noun.
Here are some examples:

aking kapatid my brother
kanyang kotse her car
aming hardin our garden
kanilang bahay their house

 

2. SA-pronouns express location. Here are some examples:

Nasa akin ang libro mo. Your book is with me.
Nasa kanya ang gamit mo. Your stuff is with him.
May salu-salo sa amin. There's a get-together at our place.
Nakatira ako sa kanila. I am staying at their place.

 

3. SA-pronouns express direction. Any prepositional phrase  that indicates some kind of movement toward or away from someone is expressed using one of these markers. Here are some examples:

Dadalaw ako sa iyo bukas. I am going to visit you tomorrow.
Ibinigay ni Ana ang susi sa kanya. Ana gave the key to him.
Umalis siya sa kanila. He left (from) their place.
Itinago ni Luz ang libro (mula) sa atin. Luz hid the book from us.

 

4. SA-pronouns express the beneficiary of an action. Just like SA and KAY/KINA-phrases, these forms are almost equal to English for-phrases expressing the idea of an action done for someone. The marker is always preceded by the word para. Here are some examples:

Gumawa ako ng cake para sa atin. I baked a cake for us.
Binili ko ang bulaklak para sa iyo. I bought the flowers for you.
Nagluto ako ng adobo para sa kanila. I cooked adobo for them.
Itinago ko ang mga sulat para sa inyo. I kept the letters for you (pl.).