The First 200 Years of Spanish Rule
King of Spain
- Following the discovery of the islands for Spain by Ferdinand Magellan in 1521, the archipelago was
made a colony of Spain.
- The islands became known as the Philippines,
named after the King of Spain, Felipe II
- The Spaniards were able to conquer the archipelago with
little bloodshed due to the absence of centralized authority and very low population that
was scattered all over the 7,000 islands
- Spanish rule was principally based in Manila, which became the center of the Galleon trade between Mexico and the Philippines.
- Manila became the transshipment port for trade between
Mexico and China: the Chinese sent silks to Manila in exchange for Mexican silvers.
- The Spaniards based in Manila were the middle men in
the Galleon trade.
- In the 19th century, agricultural exports of the
Philippines grew, which were made of up sugar, rice, hemp, indigo, bananas, coconuts and
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