American influence and
the legacy of US liberal democracy

  • the United States originally supported the Philippine insurrection movement against Spain but later turned the islands into an American colony by virtue of an act passed by the US Congress
  • American colonial period lasted until World War II following the Japanese invasion in 1940, which devastated the Philippine economy that resulted from the carpet bombing of Manila and Baguio City
  • The Philippines was granted political independence on 4 July 1946 immediately after WWII but was not given any aid to help the Filipinos reconstruct their devastated economy

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Spanish-AmericanWar1.jpg (99726 bytes)
Spanish ship Reina Cristina in
the Battle of Manila Bay, at the
turn of the century Spanish-American War

Spanish-AmericanWar2.jpg (28631 bytes)
American ship Boston in
the Battle of Manila Bay, at the turn of
the century Spanish-American War

Rogers-Away down East-1900.jpg (142809 bytes)

"Away down East"
by Rogers, 1900

American influence in
Philippine politics and economy

  • US established democratic elections, universal elementary level education, and English as a second language
  • Americans failed to implement land reform effectively, which resulted in a highly unequal class structure that prevailed and grew stronger in the post-American period

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  American influence in Philippine culture

  • the Filipinos' familiarity with American culture is very high due to:

    1) external migration of Filipinos to the US;

    2) an educational system that strongly
         promoted knowledge of American        history  and culture in the colonial        period;  and

    3) the prevalence of English media in       the   country

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Peters-FilipinoCowboys1900.jpg (163116 bytes)
"Filipino Cowboys"
Peters, 1900
from Harper's Weekly

deThulstrup1898.jpg (179315 bytes)

A Triumphal Parade of Insurgent
Troops in Manila
deThulstrup, 1898
Harper's Weekly

American influence on
Philippine trade and military orientation

  • American emphasis on developing agricultural exports and preferential trading partner status led to a dependent colonial economy
  • American colonial economic policies, along with strong anti-communist strategy in Asia (e.g., maintenance of US naval base in Subic Bay and Clark airbase) led to US support for corrupt Filipino leaders, especially during the Marcos period

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