Talking about Habitual Activities
Using the Incompleted Aspect of Verbs

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Form

In the incompleted aspect, the mag- affix in mag verbs become nag-, and ma- affixs in ma- verbs become na-, and the first syllables of the verb roots are repeated.  The affix -um in -um verbs is used, and the first syllable of the verb root is also repeated.  Some verb roots like punta, basa, and kanta and sayaw can take either the mag or um affix without any difference in meaning.

example:
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turqball.gif (579 bytes)Kumakain ako.
turqball.gif (579 bytes)Nag-aaral ako sa laybrari.
turqball.gif (579 bytes)Natutulog ako sa otel.

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Use

The incompleted aspect of verbs is used to indicate an action that has started and is on-going. This aspect is also used when you describe habitual activities.  Oftentimes, a phrase or word that indicates present time is used.

 

Verb

Actor (focus)

Location and/object

Time Expression

Kumakain

siya

ng kanin

araw-araw

Nag-aaral

ako

ng leksiyon sa laybrari

tuwing Sabado

Natutulog

sila

sa otel

gabi-gabi

example:
Click on the green button to listen to the sentence.

turqball.gif (579 bytes)Kumakain ako araw-araw.
turqball.gif (579 bytes)Nag-aaral ako sa laybrari tuwing Sabado.
turqball.gif (579 bytes)Natutulog sila sa otel gabi-gabi.

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vocabulary.gif (2771 bytes)

Meaning

Incompleted aspect in Tagalog is indicated by means of verbal inflection that includes adding the affixes na- and nag- to the root of ma and mag verbs and -um before the first vowel of the root of verbs. The reduplication of the first syllable of the root of verbs indicate that action has started but is not finished.

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