Talking about Past Events
Using the Completed Aspect of Verbs

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Form

In the completed aspect, the -um is affixed before the first vowel of the root.  The affix mag- becomes nag- and is affixed before the first syllable of the root.  Similarly, the ma- affix becomes na- and is affixed before the first syllable of the root.

example:
Click on the green button to listen to the sentence.

turqball.gif (579 bytes)Kumain siya.
turqball.gif (579 bytes)Nagaral ako sa laybrari.
turqball.gif (579 bytes)Natulog sila sa otel.

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vocabulary.gif (2771 bytes)

Use

The completed aspect of verbs is used to indicate an action that has started and has been completed or finished.  This aspect is used when you describe past activities.  Oftentimes, a phrase or word that indicates past time is used.

 

Verb

Actor (focus)

Location

Time Expression

Kumain

siya

 

kanina

Nag-aral

ako

sa laybrari

kagabi

Natulog

sila

sa otel

noong Sabado

example:
Click on the green button to listen to the sentence.

turqball.gif (579 bytes)Kumain siya kanina.
turqball.gif (579 bytes)Nag-aral ako sa laybrari kagabi.
turqball.gif (579 bytes)Natulog sila sa otel noong Sabado.

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vocabulary.gif (2771 bytes)

Meaning

Aspect in Tagalog is indicated by means of verbal inflection that includes adding the affixes na- to the root of ma verbs and nag- to the root of mag verbs and -um to the root of -um verbs.

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