Location/Direction Focus (LDF)

The location/direction focus is indicated by the affix -AN/-HAN. Attaching this affix to verb root indicates that the focus of the sentence is a location or the direction of the action. -AN is the only affix used to indicate location/direction focus. It might be easier to remember the connection between -AN and location if you remember that -AN is used generally in the Tagalog language as a location marker. -AN is the prototypical location indicator. For example, the Tagalog word for worship is simba, but if you add -AN to this word to make simbahan the meaning becomes church (the place where you worship). The word tinda means 'to sell,' but if you add -AN to this word to make tindahan the meaning becomes store.

Keep in mind however that ambiguities may arise since -AN can also be used to indicate object-focus and beneficiary-focus as well.

-AN is a suffix and is added to the end of the verb. If the verb ends in a vowel, then an H is added on to -AN to make -HAN.

Here are a few examples of location/direction-focus verbs and sentences: The noun/noun phrase in focus is underlined. The corresponding actor-focus sentences are also provided.

Root Loc./Dir. Focus Verb Loc./Dir. Focus Sentence Converted Actor Focus Sentence
punta puntahan
to go (to)
Puntahan mo ang kaibigan mo (sa palengke).
(You) Go, see your friend (in the market).
Pumunta ka sa kaibigan mo (sa pelengke).
(You) Go, see your friend (in the market).
bigay bigyan*
to give
Bigyan mo ng pera ang kapatid mo.
(You) Give your brother some money.
Magbigay ka ng pera sa kapatid mo.
(You) Give some money to your brother.
dala dalhan*
to bring
   Dalhan mo ng prutas si Maria.
(You) Bring some fruits to Maria.
Magdala ka ng prutas kay Maria.
(You) Bring some fruits to Maria.
lagay lagyan
to put
Lagyan mo ng bulaklak ang mesa.
(You) Put some flowers on the table.
Maglagay ka ng bulaklak sa mesa.
(You) Put some flowers on the table.

*These verbs have undergone other form changes not discussed here.

Let's take a look at the second sentence:

Bigyan mo    ng pera ang kapatid   mo.

give     you      money       brother  of you

The AN on the end of the verb tells you that the focus of the sentence (kapatid mo) is the location or direction where the action of the verb (give) will take place. This location is the part of the sentence that is emphasized. Notice that the other words in the sentence are not in focus.