Location/Direction-Focus Verbs

This page presents examples of the most common location/direction-focus verbs in their infinitive and different aspect forms.

-AN/-HAN Verbs
Root Infinitive Completed Incompleted Contemplated
punta puntahan
to go to a place/ visit somebody
pinuntahan pinupuntahan pupuntahan
bigay bigyan
to give something to someone
binigyan binibigyan bibigyan
dala dalhan
to bring something to someone
dinalhan dinadalhan dadalhan
lagay lagyan
to put something someplace
linagyan/ nilagyan linalagyan/ nilalagyan lalagyan

Word Formation Rules:
Infinitive: Attach the suffix -an to the root word.
               Following a root that ends in a vowel, the affix becomes -han.   punta > puntahan
               The final vowel of the root is usually dropped.


Completed: (1) Take the infinitive.  puntahan
                  (2) Insert the affix -in- before the first vowel of the stem word.  pinuntahan


Incompleted: (1) Take the infinitive. puntahan
                    (2) Repeat the first (consonant) and vowel of the stem word.  pupuntahan
                    (3) Insert the affix -in- before the first vowel of the stem word.  pinupuntahan


Contemplated: (1) Take the infinitive.  puntahan
                      (2) Repeat the first (consonant) and vowel of the stem word.  pupuntahan