Instrumental-Focus Verbs

This page presents examples of the most common instrumental-focus verbs in their infinitive and different aspect forms.

IPANG- Verbs
Root Infinitive Completed Incompleted Contemplated
hampas ipanghampas
to use for hitting
ipinanghampas ipinanghahampas ipanghahampas
linis ipanlinis
to use for cleaning
ipinanlinis ipinanlilinis ipanlilinis
talop ipantalop
to use for peeling
ipinantalop ipinantatalop ipantatalop

Word Formation Rules:
Infinitive: Attach the prefix ipang- to the root word.  hampas > ipanghampas
               *Some words undergo form changes that are not discussed here.


Completed: (1) Take the infinitive. ipanghampas
                  (2) Insert the affix -in- after the first consonant.  ipinanghampas


Incompleted: (1) Repeat the first (consonant) and vowel of the root word.   hampas > hahampas
                    (2) Attach the prefix ipang- to the stem word.  hahampas > ipanghahampas
                    (3) Insert the affix -in- after the first consonant of the stem.  ipinanghahampas


Contemplated: (1) Repeat the first (consonant) and vowel of the root word.  hampas > hahampas
                      (2) Attach the prefix ipang- to the stem word. hahampas > ipanghahampas