Telling Time

There are a number of ways of telling time in Tagalog. Tagalog speakers can choose to use English numbers, Spanish numbers, or native Tagalog numbers when telling time. Numbers borrowed from Spanish are the most widely used forms in expressing time of day. Among young people, English numbers appear to be the preference. Only in very formal situations, where Tagalog is the specified language of choice (e.g., radio/TV shows, conferences, formal invitations), are Tagalog numbers employed in telling time.
This section presents the common ways of telling time using the different number systems mentioned here.
In order to tell whether a time is in the morning (am) or evening (pm) the following phrases may be added. They are placed immediately after the number (ala una ng hapon).
       ng umaga          ng tanghali             ng hapon                      ng gabi
in the morning (am)         at noon         in the afternoon (pm)   in the evening/atnight (pm).
The use of these phrases is necessary when using the Tagalog numbers.

Using Spanish borrowings Tagalog numbers

 

SPANISH

In Spanish, they say...

Ano'ng oras na?
(What time is it?)

In Tagalog, we say...
es la una 1:00 ala-una
son las dos 2:00 alas-dos
son las tres 3:00 alas-tres
son las quatro 4:00 alas-kuwatro
son las cinco 5:00 alas-singko
son las seis 6:00 alas-sais
son las siete 7:00 alas-siyete
son las ocho 8:00 alas-otso
son las nueve 9:00 alas-nuwebe
son las diez 10:00 alas-diyes
son las onse 11:00 alas-onse

son las dose

12:00 alas-dose

In Spanish, they also say

Ano'ng oras na?
(What time is it?)

In Tagalog, we also say...

son las dose y cinco 12:05 alas dose singko
son las dose y diez 12:10 alas dose diyes
son las dose y quince 12:15 alas dose kinse
son las dose y media 12:30 alas dose y medya
son las dose quarenta y cinco 12:45 alas dose kwarenta y singko
menos diez para a la una 12:50 menos dyes para ala una

 

TAGALOG

Ano'ng oras na? What time is it?
Ika- isa 1:00 Limang minuto makalipas ang ika-isa ng.... 1:05
Ikalawa 2:00 Sampung minuto makalipas ang ikalawa ng... 2:10
Ikatlo 3:00 Labinlimang minuto makalipas ang ikatlo ng... 3:15
Ika-apat 4:00 Dalawampung minuto makalipas ang ika-apat ng... 4:20
Ika-lima 5:00 Dalawampu't-limang minuto makalipas ang ika-lima ng... 5:25
Ika-anim 6:00 Ika-anim at kalahati ng.../
Tatlumpung minuto makalipas ang ika anim ng.../
Tatlumpung minuto bago mag-ika-pito ng...
6:30
Ika-pito 7:00 Tatlumpu't-limang minuto makalipas ang ika-pito ng.../
Dalawampu't-limang minuto bago mag-ika-walo ng...
7:35
Ika-walo 8:00 Apatnapung minuto makalipas ang ika-walo ng.../
Dalawampung minuto bago mag-ika-siyam ng...
8:40
Ika-siyam 9:00 Apatnapu't-limang minuto makalipas ang ika-siyam ng.../
Labinlimang minuto bago mag-ika-sampu ng...
9:45
Ika-sampu 10:00 Limampung minuto makalipas ang ika-sampu ng.../
Sampung minuto bago mag-ika-labing-isa ng...
10:50
Ika-labing-isa 11:00 Limampu't-limang minuto makalipas ang
ika-labing-isa ng.../
Limang minuto bago mag-ika-labindalawa ng...
11:55
Ika-labindalawa 12:00 Dalawang minuto makalipas ang ika-labindalawa ng... 12:02