Past Tense Indicators

The past time indicators are associated with the completed aspect of the verbs and, therefore, are closely tied with past tense. This section presents some of the most common expressions that indicate particular points in the past. These time indicators are grouped according to how recent or remote they are in the past based on the Tagalog timeline.

Past within NGAYON (today)
kanina
(earlier)
Nakita ko si Ana kanina.
I saw Ana earlier.
kaninang umaga
(earlier today in the morning)
Pumasok ako sa klase kaninang umaga.
I went to class earlier today in the morning.
kaninang tanghali
(earlier today at noon)
Kumain ako sa kapeterya kaninang tanghali.
I ate in the cafeteria earlier today at noon.
kaninang hapon
(earlier today in the afternoon)
Nag-aral ako sa laybrari kaninang hapon.
I studied in the library earlier today in the afternoon.
kanina lang
(just a few moments ago)
Nandito si Noel kanina lang.
Noel was here a few minutes ago.

 

 

Past within KAHAPON (yesterday)
kahapon
(yesterday)
Bumili siya ng libro kahapon.
I bought a book yesterday.
kahapon ng umaga
(yesterday morning)
Dumating siya mula sa Bikol kahapon ng umaga.
She arrived from Bikol yesterday morning.
kahapon ng tanghali
(yesterday at noon)
Nagkita kami kahapon ng tanghali.
We met yesterday at noon.
kahapon ng hapon
(yesterday afternoon)
Umalis siya papuntang L.A. kahapon ng hapon.
He left for L.A. yesterday afternoon.
kagabi~kahapon ng gabi
(last night)
Tumawag siya kagabi.
He called last night.

 

 

Past within KAMAKALAWA (day before yesterday)
kamakalawa~noong isang araw
(the day before yesterday)
Pumunta kami sa Laguna kamakalawa.
We went to Laguna the other day.
kamakalawa ng umaga
(in the morning of the other day)
Umalis siya kamakalawa ng umaga.
He left in the morning of the other day.
kamakalawa ng tanghali
(at noon of the other day)
Nag-usap kami kamakalawa ng tanghali.
We talked at noon of the other day.
kamakalawa ng hapon
(in the afternoon of the other day)
Nagsine kami kamakalawa ng hapon.
We watched a movie in the afternoon of the other day.
kamakalawa ng gabi
(in the evening/at night the other day)
Nagdisko kami kamakalawa ng gabi.
We went to a disco/club the night before last.

 

 

Relatively Remote Past - NOON (then)
noon
(then)
Nakatira kami sa Banawe noon.
We lived in Banawe then.
noong + day
(last + day of the week)
Pumunta kami sa Cebu noong Sabado.
We went to Cebu last Saturday.
noong isang linggo
(last week)
Nagbakasyon kami sa Boracay noong isang linggo.
We spent our break in Boracay last week.
noong + month
(in + month of the year)
Bumisita ako sa lola ko noong Mayo.
I visited with my grandmother in May.
noong isang buwan
(last month)
Dumalaw si Ana noong isang buwan.
Ana came for a visit last month.
noong + year
(in + specific year)
Nag-aral ako sa UP noong 1986.
I studied in UP in 1986.
noong isang taon
(last year)
Nagbiyahe ako sa Mindanao noong isang taon.
I traveled in Mindanao last year.
noong + season
(last/in/at + specific time of year)
Nakita ko ang mga kapatid ko noong pasko.
I saw my brothers and sisters last Christmas.
Pumunta ako sa Iloilo noong tag-araw.
I went to Iloilo in the summer.
noong unang panahon
(once upon a time/long ago)
Noong unang panahon, may nakatirang diwata sa bundok ng Makiling.
Once upon a time, there lived a fairy on Mount Makiling.