Some More Pseudo-Verbs

There is another set of pseudo-verbs in Tagalog. These are the ones that can come before an agent (doer of the action) that is either a NG-phrase/pronoun or an  ANG-phrase/pronoun. In other words, these pseudo-verbs can have the doer of the action as being either in focus or not in focus.

The following are a few examples. Notice that there is a linker (-ng) attached to the word that comes before the main verb. And the actor pronoun always comes after the pseudo-verb.

bulletPUWEDE = can; could; may (permission)
Puwede + Object-Focus Agent Puwedeng dalhin ng kaibigan ko ang radyo.
My friend can bring the radio.
Puwede kong tulungan si Mario.
I can help Mario.
Puwede + Actor-Focus Agent Puwede magdala ng radyo ang kaibigan ko.
My friend can bring a radio.
Puwede akong tumulong kay Mario.
I can help Mario.

 

bulletMAAARI = might; may (possibility)
Maaari + Object-Focus Agent Maaring ibigay ng guro ang libro sa akin.
The teacher might give the book to me.
Maaaring tawagan niya si Tess.
He might call Tess.
Maaari + Actor-Focus Agent Maaaring magbigay ng libro ang guro sa akin.
The teacher might give me a book.
Maaaring tumawag siya kay Tess.
He might call Tess.

 

bulletDAPAT = must; should; have to
Dapat + Object-Focus Agent Dapat isulat ng estudyante ang papel niya.
The student must write his paper.
Dapat kong bilhan ng regalo si Maria.
I have to buy Maria a present.
Dapat + Actor-Focus Agent Dapat sumulat ng papel niya ang estudyante.
The student must write his paper.
Dapat akong bumili ng regalo para kay Maria.
I have to buy a present for Maria.