AY-Sentences

These sentences are referred to as inverted sentences in some grammar books, and the word AY is referred to as a sentence inversion marker. The word order of this sentence type (Focus + AY + Predicate) is the reverse of the simple predicative sentence (Predicate + Subject).  Here are some examples :

Sentence Simple Predicative Inverted/AY-Sentence
Nominal Nars si Eva.
(Eva is a nurse.)

Estudyante siya sa UP.
(She is a student at UP.)

Si Eva ay nars.
(Eva is a nurse.)

Siya ay estudyante sa UP.
(She is a student at UP.)

Adjectival Mayaman si Jose.
(Jose is rich.)

Palakaibigan ang bata.
(The kid is friendly.)

Si Jose ay mayaman.
(Jose is rich.)

Ang bata ay palakaibigan.
(The kid is friendly.)

Verbal Nag-aaral ang estudyante sa laybrari.
(The student is studying in the library.)

Bumili ako ng lapis sa tindahan kahapon.
(I bought a pencil from the store yesterday.)

Ang estudyante ay nag-aaral sa laybrari.
(The student is studying in the library.)

Ako ay bumili ng lapis sa tindahan kahapon.
(I bought a pencil from the store yesterday.)

Existential May konsyerto ang mang-aawit sa Maynila.
(The singer has a concert in Manila.)

May trabaho ang si Ana tuwing Sabado at Linggo.
(Ana has work every Saturday and Sunday.)

Ang mang-aawit ay may konsyerto sa Maynila.
(The singer has a concert in Manila.)

Si Ana ay may trabaho tuwing Sabado at Linggo.
(Ana has work every Saturday and Sunday.)

Prepositional Nasa ilalim ng upuan ang pusa.
(The cat is under the chair.)

Nasa Amerika si Noel.
(Noel is in the US.)

Ang pusa ay nasa ilalim ng upuan.
(The cat is under the chair.)

Si Noel ay nasa Amerika.
(Noel is in the US.)