Existential Sentences

These are sentences that express the existence of something or the state of having something and are marked by the existential particle mayroon. This particle takes the linker suffix -(n)g when it precedes a noun/noun phrase. In this format, it functions like a modifier just like adjectives modify nouns and is usually shortened to may. The existential phrase occupies the predicate position. Here are some examples:

Mayroong kapatid na babae si Rosa.
May kapatid na babae
si Rosa.
Rosa has a sister.
Mayroong bagong damit si Tina.
May bagong damit si Tina.
Tina has a new dress.
Mayroong dalawang libro ang estudyante.
May dalawang libro ang estudyante.
The student has two books.
Mayroong tao sa bahay.
May tao sa bahay.
There's someone in the house.
Mayroong konsyerto sa plasa mamayang gabi.
May konsyerto sa plasa mamayang gabi.
There's going to be a concert at the plaza later tonight.
Mayroon akong lihim.
May lihim ako.
I have a secret.
Mayroon siyang trabaho.
May trabaho siya.
He/She has a job.

When mayroon is followed by a pronoun, it functions like the phrase "to have something." The linker (-ng) is attached to end of the pronoun (e.g. ako + ng = akong). The pronoun comes directly after mayroon.

When the shortened form may is used, the pronoun comes after the noun or noun phrase.

The negative equivalent of a mayroon/may sentence is marked by the particle wala which means "there is not (something)"; "the absence of (something)"; or "not having (something)."   Here are the corresponding negative equivalents of the preceding examples:

Walang kapatid na babae si Rosa. Rosa does not have a sister.
Walang bagong damit si Tina. Tina does not have a new dress.
Walang libro ang estudyante. The student does not have a book.
Walang tao sa bahay. There is no one in the house.
Walang konsyerto sa plasa mamayang gabi. There is no concert at the plaza tonight.
Wala akong lihim. I don't have a secret.
Wala siyang trabaho. He/She doesn't have a job.

Notice again that when a personal pronoun occurs with wala, it comes after the negator wala, and the linker is attached to it.