Butuan City


The Land


Butuan City is situated in the northwestern part of the Caraga region. It has a total land area of 526.3 sq. km. Based on the 2000 Census, Butuan city is populated by 267,279.  The city  government of Butuan is comprised by 86 barangays.  The temperature ranges from 66F - 85F. It is the seat of government, and the trading center of the region.

A Brief History

Although the population center of Butuan has shifted several times throughout its history, it never strayed from the Agusan Valley. Nourished by the winding Agusan River and protected from the sometimes violent Pacific typhoons by the mountain range in the east, the valley provided an ideal location for the early Butuanons. The fertile earth proved rich for agriculture. Located near the mouth of the river, the area was easily accessible to inter-island trade.

Establishing a permanent settlement, however, proved difficult. At times the river would reclaim portions of the valley and the houses had to be moved.

The move to Agao was the final one for the Butuanons. Here they established the community from which the current Butuan rose. Butuan became a city in 1950.

The discovery of ancient sea-faring balanghais (boats), dating to as far back as 300AD, proves that the ancient Butuanons were capable of long-distance travel.


The People


Migrants from the Visayas and Luzon today make up a large portion of Butuan's urban population.

Commerce and Industry

Most of Caraga's 23 lumber producers and plywood plants are based in Butuan City. Wood production is a major industry. Most lumber is grown on plantations.

At present, much potential is seen in food processing. The raw materials for processing are abundant. These include banana, coconut, coffee, fruits, root crops, and prawns.