The greater part of Bukidnon is a gently-rolling
plateau cut by deep and wide canyons of the Cagayan, Polangui and Tagoloan rivers and
their tributaries. At Mailag, south of the capital, the plateau begins to descend and
gradually merges and eastern borders are lofty and densely-forested mountains, including
Mt. Kitanglad at 2350 meter, a dormant volcano, Mt Kalatungan at 2187 meters and Mt.
Tankulan at 1678 meters.
The province´average elevation of more than 1000
meter gives a pleasently cool climate. the mountains shield it from the eastern monsoon.
A Brief History
Before the Spaniards colonized Misamis, settlers
from the Visayas had already established themselves there. As the migrants kept coming,
the tribes who orginally inhabited the area were driven inland toward the rugged and
mountainous territory. They were eventually called Bukidnons, meaning "people of the
mountains", from which the place derived its name.
Bukidnon became a municipality of Misamis in 1850
and remained as such until 1907 when it was made a subprovince of the newly created Agusan
province. When the department of Mindanao and Sulu was created in 1914, Bukidnon itself
became a separate province.
After World War II, the area was opened up to
settlers from the Visayas and Luzon. Those who came primarily were from Cebu, Panay
Island, and the Ilocos Region.
The province is an ethnic melting pot with Visayan,
Tagalog and Ilocano migrants. Despite a diversity of cultures, the people have adopted
Cebuano as their language, supplemented by the native dialect called Binukid.
The antives are mainly Bukidnons who occupy the
lowlands of the plateau while the Manobos are in higlands. Bukidnon settlements are
clusters of households under their own datu. They engage in kaingin farming,
basket-weaving and pottery. The women wear colorful blouses with wide, flared sleeves,
skirts of red and white cloth sewn together, and shawls embroidered in red.
Some of the numerous indigenous tribes derive their
name from their place or origin: the Tigwahanon after the Tigwa watersheed, the Umayamnon
after the Umayan River, the Pulangiyon after the Pulangi Rivera and the Matigsalug after
the Salug River.
The Ilianon and Langilaon were named after the
border areas they occupy. The Tala-anding, named after a myth, are distinguished by the
elaborate fan-like headgear their women wear during festivals
Commerce and Industy
Bukidnon has very fertile soil; the main crops are corn, rice, coffee and bananas. It is
the number one producer of corn and the second top producer of palay in the region.
Del Monte has a vast pinapple plantation in the north. In the south, a sugar mill is in
Paitan, Quezon town and abaca is grown for export.
The extensive forests yield timber, rattan, and some
medicinal trees, like the cinchona which is a source of quinine for treating
Getting There and Away
From Cagayan de Oro, there are buses going to Davao
and return, who passing the Bukidnon province
The Del Monte
Pinapple Plantation, with an area of 90 sq km, is one of the largest
in the world. Here on can see vast tracts of land at different stages of crop production:
while some are readied for planting, others have ripe fruits for harvesting. Work in the
fields goes on 24 hours a day. The focal pint is a modern community in Camp Philips in
Manolo fortich town on the road from Cagayan de Oro to Malaybalay. There is a clubhouse
and a golf course within the plantation.
in Manolo Fortich has a zigzag road winding up and down the wide and deep canyon.
Just before reaching the next town of Impasugong on
the national higway, a road branches southwest to Sumilao with several natural
attractions: hanging ladders ascend a cliff wall of Mt.
Palaspas to the multi-chambered Paiyak
Cave, an ancient native burial site; Alalum Falls with a cool spring
at its base - and Mt. Kitanglad, a mountain climber´s haven and sanctuary for wild plants
and animals, including the monkey-eating eagle.
Pines View Park,
at the back of the Provincial Capitol in Malaybalay, is a natural park that abounds in
pine trees and is a favorite camping site. Also in Malaybalay at Barangay Bangcud are Matin-ao Spring, a popular picnic spot,
and Nasuli Spring, with a depth
ideal for diving. Casa Alegre is a
house borne on the shoulders of concrete humans amidst a concrete zoo in Cabugahan,
South of Malaybalay is Valencia with Napalit Lake
and the Central Mindanao University,
a world Bank-subsidized agricultural school located between this town and Maramag. The
school is in the shadow of Musuan Peak.
In Maranay is Matunog
swimming pool, antoher popular picnic spot. South of it in Don
Carlos Pinamaloy Lake with a resthouse beside it.
Festival is a three-day gathering of Bukidnon´s various tribes in
Pines View Park, Malaybalay, on the first week of September. It aims to foster unity among
the tribes and understanding between them and the lowlanders. Ethnic groups trek down from
their mountain villages in colorful costumes and spectacular headdresses to join in the
singing and dancing, compete in indigenous sports, and perform traditional rituals. Among
its highlights are a parade of the tribes followed by the Pamalas:
a cleansing and purification ceromony. And Alusod: the offering of native wine and
food to visitors.
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