Expressing Likes and Dislikes

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Gusto and ayaw are both used to express and describe what someone likes or not like doing in Tagalog. Both are used together with most   -um- and mag- verbs and some ma- verbs in their infinitive forms.  Some examples are:

The following table shows how sentences are constructed using gusto and ayaw together with the verbs.

 

Gusto/Ayaw ba ng construction (actor) ba
+
ng
Infinitive Form Non-Actor Complement
Gusto/Ayaw   kong   lumangoy.  
Gusto/Ayaw   ng batang   maligo.  
Gusto/Ayaw ba ni Pedro
nina Bert
  mag-aral.
maglaro

ng tenis.
Gusto/Ayaw   mo bang magpasyal sa karnabal.

Gusto can occur with another verb in the infinitive form.  The linker na or ng always occur between this verb and the word that precedes and follows it.

Filipinos often invite friends to do something, by asking them a yes/no question.

Some friends may be asked these questions, and they have to have a good alibi if they cannot accept the invitation.   Some examples of good alibis are as follows: