Pulau_Jawa

JAVA

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 JAKARTA


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Bundaran Hotel Indonesia, Jakarta.
Indonesia, Lonely Planet.1992 Sorey, Robert et.al. 1992.
  Indonesia: A Travel Survival Kit. Singapore: Lonely Planet Publication.


                   

          Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia.  With the population of more than nine millions makes Jakarta  becomes the most populated city in Indonesia. The indigenous people of Jakarta are the Betawis. People who live in Jakarta also come from various regions with diverse ethnic backgrounds. These people outnumbered the Betawis.
         There is the National Monument (MONAS-Monumen Nasional) in Jakarta. There are also many statues in the city, including Welcome Statue (Patung Selamat  Datang), Free Irian Statue (Patung Pembebasan Irian), and Farmer Statue (Patung Petani).  In addition, there are a miniature of Indonesia or Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII), Taman Impian Jaya Ancol,  Taman Ismail Marzuki (TIM), and Ragunan Zoo.



Traditional heritage of DKI Jakarta


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WEST JAVA


Pemandangan_Puncak

Puncak Pass.

Indonesia, Lonely Planet.1992

Sorey, Robert et.al. 1992. Indonesia: A Travel Survival Kit. Singapore: Lonely Planet Publication.


The capital city of West Java is Bandung. During the Dutch colonial era, this city became the vacation place for the Dutch people who lived in Batavia (Jakarta). Bandung then was called "Paris van Java."

The indigenous people of West Java are the Sundanese, the Bantenese, the Naga people, and the Badui people.  Even though these people live in part of Java Island, but their cultures are distinguished from those of the Javanese who live in Central Java and East Java.  
      The Sundanese's unique musical instruments namely kecapi, angklung, suling, etc.  The popular dance of West Java is called Jaipongan. Their traditional martial art is called Pencak Silat.  The Sundanese also has traditional shadow play, Wayang Golek. 

 


Traditional heritage of West Java

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EAST JAVA


 
Pura_Balekambang
            
Pura Balekambang.
          Indonesia, Lonely Planet. 1995
        Turner, Peter et.al. Indonesia: A Travel Survival Kit. Singapore: Lonely Planet Publication.


         East Java includes the island of Madura, which is located in the northeast of the Java Island. East Java's capital city is Surabaya. 
         Pura Balekambang is located in this province. The grave of the first president of Indonesia, Sukarno, is located in Blitar, East Java. Other important towns in East Java including Kediri, Malang, and Sidoarjo.



Traditional heritage of East Java


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CENTRAL JAVA

Relief_Borobudur
A carving on Borobudur Temple.
Indonesia: A World All Its Own, 1996


The province of Central Java includes the Karimun Jawa and the Kangean Islands, which are located in the Java Sea.
The indigenous ethnic groups of this province are the Javanese, the Samin people, the Karimun people, and the Kangean people.
Central Java's capital city is Semarang, one of the biggest cities in Indonesia. In this city
located the traditional herbal medicine museum, Museum Jamu Nyonya Meneer. There is also a very famous Buddhist temple, Sam Po Kong temple.  

The city of Solo is also located in this province. Solo is very famous with its batik and dances. There is also the palace of the Sunan (King) in this city.
In the region of Muntilan, there is the biggest Buddhist temple in Indonesia, Borobudur Temple. Each year during the Waisak day which falls in May, thousands of the Buddha devotees come and pray at this temple.

      



Traditional heritage of Central Java

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DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA

Keraton_Yogya

Keraton Yogyakarta
Source: http://kraton.yogya.indo.net.id/

 

 

The capital city of Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY) is Yogyakarta. DIY is led by the Sultan of Yogyakarta, who acts as the governor. The Sultan entitles Sultan Hamengkubowono which means 'the universe on the lap of the king.'
Besides its various traditional performances, this province is known as the center of traditional music gamelan as well as hand-made crafts, such as batik textile and silver jewelry.
Interesting sites in this province are Palace of Sultan, Taman Sari, Sono Budoyo Museum, Borobudur Temple, Prambanan Temple, Kalasan temple,  Malioboro Street, etc.

Gadjah Mada University (UGM), which is the biggest state university in Indonesia, is located in Yogyakarta. Many students from various regions in Indonesia study in UGM and other schools in Yogyakarta.

 

 

Traditional heritage of DIY

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